Yves Beigbeder, Judging Criminal Leaders, The Slow Erosion of Impunity, Kluwer Law International, www.kluwerlaw.com 2002, 240 pp.The book is a review of the various models of international criminal tribunals, showing progress and hopes as well as political obstacles. The book is not a legal treatise, but references are made to legal texts and interpretation. Yves Beigbeder is Adjunct Professor at Webster University in Geneva. He lectures widely on the management of international organizations and is a legal counsel to international civil servants. During the Spring of 1946 he was a legal secretary to the French judge, Henri Donnedieu de Vabres at the Nuremberg Tribunal (IMT).Contents: Foreword. Introduction. List of abbreviations. List of tables and presentations. 1. The Twentieth Century–Massacres and Genocides.Unchallenged impunity. Colonialist crimes. Communism: a criminal utopia. Impunity in civil and International wars. Legal impunity: amnesty. National justice. International justice. Conclusion. 2.The International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia. The reticent founders. Mandate and structure. The attitude of countries. Kosovo and the fall of Milosevic. The tribunal's achievements. Reforms. NATO's 'war crimes' in Kosovo. Conclusion 3. The International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda.A predictable genocide. Rwanda and the International Tribunal. Mandate and structure. A mixed performance. Selected judgments and issues. National justice. Conclusion 4. The International Criminal Court. The origins. The statute. The preparatory Commission for the ICC. The US position. Promoting the ICC. Russian crimes in Chechnya. Conclusion. 5. The Pinochet Effect. The Pinochet's Chile. The prosecution of Pinochet. The Pinochet precedent. Universal jurisdiction. Conclusion. 6.Mixed National/International Tribunals. Judging the Khmer Rouge leaders? Sierra Leone's special Court. East Timor: Indonesian impunity. The Lockerbie Trial. Conclusion. 7. Conclusion. Select bibliography. Index.
Joyce Apsel and Helen Fein., Teaching About Genocide":An Interdisciplinary Guidebook with syllabi for College and University Teachers, New Edition; Published for the Institute of the Study of Genocide in cooperation with the American Sociological Association, New edition, 2002.Contents: Helen Fein, Reflections on Studying Genocide for Three Decades Joyce Apsel, Teaching about Genocide, COURSE SYLLABI AND OTHER TEACHING RESOURCES (Study Questions, Topic Reports, Research, Exams, Bibliography) Armenian Genocide: Henry Theriault, Clark University, Political Science-- The Armenian Genocide Holocaust: Berel Lang, Trinity College, Humanities--The Holocaust: Historical, Philosophical and Literary Aspects; Robert Skloot, University of Wisconsin, Madison, Theatre and Drama-- The Holocaust Theme in Western Drama Genocide and Holocaust: William Brustein, University of Minnesota, Sociology-- Topics in Political Sociology: Politics of Hate & Genocide; Herbert Hirsch, Virginia Commonwealth University, Political Science-- Genocide and Holocaust; Eric Markusen, Southwest State University, Social Work and Sociology-- The Holocaust, Genocide, and Human Rights; Gordon Mork and Robert Melson, Purdue University, Political Science and History-- Holocaust and Genocide Genocide: Joyce Apsel, Drew University, History-- Genocide after 1945 in the Century of Genocide; Frank Chalk, Concordia University (Canada), History-- History and Sociology of Genocide (two semesters); Alex Hinton, Rutgers University, Anthropology--Anthropology of Genocide; Steven Jacobs, University of Alabama, Religious Studies--Religion and Genocide; Rene Lemarchand, University of Copenhagen, Political Science-- Comparative Genocide; Mark Levene, University of Warwick (United Kingdom), History-- From Armenia to Rwanda: Genocide in Contemporary History (two semesters); Roger W. Smith, College of William and Mary, Political Science-- Human Destructiveness and Politics; Linda M. Woolf, Webster University, Psychology-- Genocide: A Psychosocial Perspective Genocide, Human Rights and International Affairs: Alex Alvarez, Northern Arizona University, Sociology-- Genocide, War Crimes and Human Rights Violations; Frank Chalk, Concordia University (Canada), History--American Foreign Policy and Humanitarian Intervention in the 20th Century; Bernard F. Hamilton, University of London, Birkbeck College, International Affairs/Law--International Responses to Genocide and Similar Violations in Armed Conflict; Rhoda E. Howard-Hassmann, McMaster University (Canada), Sociology-- Human Rights and Genocide; Marianna Sullivan and Morton Winston, The College of New Jersey, Political Science and Philosophy-- Human Rights in International Affairs; Morton Winston, The College of New Jersey, Philosophy--Human Rights Contributor Biographies and e-mail Addresses Selected Internet Websites on Genocide http://www.isg-iags.org/newsletters/29/tagrev.html
Herbert Hirsch, Anti-Genocide: Building an American Movement to Prevent Genocide Praeger Publishers. Westport, Conn. 2002. 232 pagesHERBERT HIRSCH is Professor of Political Science at Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond. Description ** This book is a frank and hopeful meditation on the recurring tragedy of genocide that should be read by anybody who cares about its prevention. Hirsch argues if we are to successfully confront, prevent, or control the most egregious aspects of genocidal violence, we must create containing political institutions and social mechanisms. But ultimately human nature must change to temper the worst excesses of genocidal violence, given its long and intractable historical presence. Hirsch looks hard at complex realities and proposes how to build a politics of prevention. Focusing on the United States, a political movement must be built that supports the politics of prevention in the international realm. Long-term prevention depends on changing how humans view each other, though. Creating a new ethic of life-enhancing behavior based on the ideology of universal human rights that is passed on from generation to generation via the process of political socialization ultimately is our best hope of preventing future genocides. This book begins with the fact that there is apparently nothing historically unique about human beings killing one another in relatively large numbers. Genocide appears to be a phenomenon that has been a part of human history since we began to record our worst excesses. Certainly it has been in the forefront of human consciousness as the last century came to its bloody conclusion. It is not an intractable problem. A mass movement to prevent genocide can be built, and once created it should pressure the federal government to focus its foreign policy on the prevention of genocide. ** Table of Contents ** -- Preface -- Introduction: Genocide, Politics, and Human Behavior -- Genocide and Political Movements -- Building a Movement to Stop Genocide -- Genocide and Public Opinion: A Comparison of the Policy Making Elite and the General Public -- Putting Pressure on the United States Political Institutions -- Guilty Secrets: Genocide and the Failure of American Foreign Policy During the Clinton and Bush Administrations -- The Failure of Prevention: Bosnia -- A Second Failure of Prevention: The Rwandan Genocide -- Lessons from the Late 20th Century and Early 21st Centuries: Kosovo, Clinton, and Bush -- Genocide and the Politics of Prevention -- A Foreign Policy to Prevent Genocide: The Practicality of Morality -- United States Policy in the New Century -- Reflections on "Ethics," "Morality," and "Responsibility" -- Inculcating an Ethic to Prevent Genocide -- Conclusion: A Politics to Prevent Genocide
David A. Hamburg, M.D., No More Killing Fields: Preventing Deadly ConflictThis book is the capstone of the Carnegie Commission on Preventing Deadly Conflicts extensive efforts to advance new ideas for the prevention and resolution of deadly conflict. David A. Hamburg, M.D. is the former Co-Chair, Carnegie Commission on Preventing Deadly Conflict, President Emeritus of the Carnegie Corporation of New York and currently a Visiting Scholar in the Department of Psychiatry at the Weill Medical College of Cornell University in New York City. He has been a Professor at Stanford and Harvard Universities, President of the Institute of Medicine of the National Academy of Sciences and President of the American Association for the Advancement of Science.
Nicolaus Mills and Kira Brunner, editors, The new killing fields : massacre and the politics of intervention (New York, NY : Basic Books, 2002)
Carol Rittner, John K. Roth, and James M. Smith, editors, Will genocide ever end? (St. Paul : Paragon House, 2002)
Michel Feher, Powerless by design : the age of the international community (Durham : Duke University Press, 2000), 167 p. ;
Subjects: Developing countries--Foreign relations.World politics--1995-2005.Security, International.International relations.Genocide. Low-intensity conflicts (Military science) Ethnic relations.
Claudia Card, The Atrocity Paradigm: A Theory of Evil, May 2002
What distinguishes evils from ordinary wrongs? Is hatred a necessarily evil? Are some evils unforgivable? Are there evils we should tolerate? What can make evils hard to recognize? Are evils inevitable? How can we best respond to and live with evils? Claudia Card Professor of Philosophy at the University of Wisconsin, offers a secular theory of evil that responds to these questions and more. Evils, according to her theory, have two fundamental components. One component is reasonably foreseeable intolerable harm -- harm that makes a life indecent and impossible or that makes a death indecent. The other component is culpable wrongdoing. Atrocities, such as genocides, slavery, war rape, torture, and severe child abuse, are Card's paradigms because in them these key elements are writ large. Atrocities deserve more attention than secular philosophers have so far paid them. They are distinguished from ordinary wrongs not by the psychological states of evildoers but by the seriousness of the harm that is done. Evildoers need not be sadistic:they may simply be negligent or unscrupulous in pursuing their goals. Card's theory represents a compromise between classic utilitarian and stoic alternatives (including Kant's theory of radical evil). Utilitarians tend to reduce evils to their harms; Stoics tend to reduce evils to the wickedness of perpetrators: Card accepts neither reduction. She also responds to Nietzsche's challenges about the worth of the concept of evil, and she uses her theory to argue that evils are more important than merely unjust inequalities. She applies the theory in explorations of war rape and violence against intimates. She also takes up what Primo Levi called "the gray zone", where victims become complicit in perpetrating on others evils that threaten to engulf themselves. While most past accounts of evil have focused on perpetrators, Card begins instead from the position of the victims, but then considers more generally how to respond to -- and live with -- evils, as victims, as perpetrators, and as those who have become both.
Antonio Cassese (Judge), editor, The Rome Statute for an International Criminal Court A Commentary, Oxford Univeristy Press, March 2002
This volume offers an opportunity to revisit the whole of international criminal law. It appraises the contribution made to international criminal law by post-World War II national criminal courts and tribunals, and it makes a critical assessment of the Rome Statute as a viable working tool for international criminal justice. CONTENTS I. The Path to Rome 1. From Nuremburg to Rome: from ad hoc international criminal tribunals to the ICC, Antonio Cassese 2. The Drafting History 2.1. The Works of the ILC, James Crawford 2.2. The Works of the Preparatory Committee, Adriaan Bos 2.3. The Debates at the Rome Conference, Phillip Kirsch and D. Robinson 2.4. The Role of NGOs, William Pace 2.5. The Input of Academics, Albin Eser 3. Entry into Force and Amendment of the Statute, Alain Pellet II. Structure of the ICC 4. The Court 4.1. Seat of the Court, Adriaan Bos 4.2. Legal Status and Powers of the Court, Francesca Martines 4.3. Relationship of the Court with the United Nations, Luigi Condorelli and Santiago Villalpando 4.4. Organization of the Court, John R. W. D. Jones 5. The Office of the Prosecutor, John R. W. D. Jones 6. The Registry and Staff, John R. W. D. Jones 7. Duties of Officials, John R. W. D. Jones 8. Privileges and Immunities, Herve Ascensio 9. Assembly of States Parties, Adriaan Bos 10. Financing, Mahnoush Arsanjani III. Jurisdiction 11. Jurisdiction ratione materiae (Subject-Matter Jurisdiction) 11.1. Genocide, Antonio Cassese 11.2. Crimes Against Humanity, Antonio Cassese 11.3. War Crimes, Horst Fischer 11.4. Aggression, Giorgio Gaja 11.5. Elements of the Crimes: an Overview, Mauro Politi 11.6. Cumulation of Offences, Susanne Walther 11.7. The Missing Crimes, Patrick Robinson 12. Jurisdiction ratione temporis, Paola Gaeta 13. Jurisdiction ratione personae, Paola Gaeta 14. Jurisdiction ratione loci, Paola Gaeta 15. Can the Security Council Extend the ICC's Jurisdiction?, Luigi Condorelli and Santiago Villalpando 16. Can States Agree to Broaden the ICC Jurisdiction?, Paola Gaeta 17. Preconditions to the Exercise of Jurisdiction and Exercise of Jurisdiction, Hans-Peter Kaul 18. `Trigger Mechanisms' 18.1. Referral by a State Party, Philippe Kirsch QC and Darryl Robinson 18.2. Referral, and Deferral, by the Security Council, Luigi Condorelli and Santiago Villalpando 18.3. Action by the Prosecutor proprio motu, Philippe Kirsch and Darryl Robinson 19. Issues of Admissibility and Jurisdiction 19.1. Complementarity: National Courts vs. the ICC, Louise Arbour and Morten Bergsmo 19.2. Possible Conflicts of Jurisdiction with Ad-hoc International Tribunal, Michael Bohlander 19.3. Possible Conflicts of Jurisdiction with Truth Commission, John Dugard 19.4. Other Issues of Admissibility, Louise Arbour and Morten Bergsmo 19.5. Ne bis in idem Princple, Including the Issue of Amnesty, Christine van den Wyngaert IV: General Principles of International Criminal Law 20. Nullum crimen, nulla poena sine lege in International Criminal Law, Susan Lamb 21. Individual Criminal Responsibility, Albin Eser 22. Command Responsibility, Kai Ambos 23. Non-applicability of Statute of Limitations, John Dugard and van den Wyngaert 24. Mental Element, Albin Eser 25. Defences and Excuses in International Criminal Law, Antonio Cassese 25.1. Superior Order, Andreas Zimmermann 25.2. Mistake of Law and Mistake of Fact, Albin Eser 25.3. Official Capacity and Immunities, Paola Gaeta 25.4. Other Grounds for Excluding Responsibility, Kai Ambos V: The Statute and General International Law 26. The Applicable Law, Alain Pellet 27. Individual Criminal Responsibility v. State Responsibility, Pierre-MarieDupuy 28. The Statute's Rules on Crimes and Existing or Developing International Law, Mohamed Bennouna 29. The Statute's General Principle of Criminal Law and Existing or Developing International Law, Antonio Cassese VI: International Criminal Proceedings 30. Rules of Procedure and Evidence - An Overview, Fabricio Guariglia 31. Investigation 31.1. Powers and Duties of the Prosecutor, Giulano Turone 31.2. Rights of Persons During an Investigation, Salvatore Zappala 32. Pre-Trial Proceedings 32.1. Powers of the Pre-Trial Chambers, Olivier Fourmy 32.2. Proceedings Before the Pre-Trial Chambers, Michele Marchesiello 32.3. Arrest Proceedings in the Custodial State, Bert Swart 33. Trial Proceedings 33.1. Powers of the Trial Chambers, Franck Terrier 33.2. Proceedings before the Trial Chambers, Franck Terrier 33.3. Rights of the Accused, Salvatore Zappala' 33.4. Protection of Victims and Witnesses, John R. W. D. Jones 33.5. Protection of National Security Interests, Peter Malanczuk 34. The Status and Role of the Victims, Claude Jorda and Jerome de Hemptinne 35. The Role of the Defence, Steven Kay QC and Bert Swart 36. Accusatorial v. Inquisitorial Approach in International Criminal Proceedings Prior to the Establishment of the ICC and in the Proceedings Before the ICC, Alphons Orie 37. Penalties, William Schabas 38. Appeal, Robert Roth 39. Revision, Anne-Marie La Rosa 40. Compensation to Arrested or Convicted Persons, Salvatore Zappala 41. Enforcement of Sentences of Imprisonment and Fines, Claus Kress and Goran Sluiter VII: International Cooperation and Judicial Assistance 42. General Problems, Bert Swart 43. The Obligation to Cooperate, Annalisa Ciampi 44. Arrest and Surrender, Bert Swart 45. Other Forms of Cooperation, Annalisa Ciampi 46. ICC Statute and Third States, Gennady Danilenko VIII: Final Analysis and Suggestions 47. The Impact of the Rome Statute on National Law, Darryl Robinson 48. The Contribution of the Rome Statute to International Criminal Law (substantive law and procedural law) and suggestions for improving the Rome Statute, rules of Court and Elements of the Offences, Board of Editors
Ward Churchill, Struggle for the land : Native North American resistance to genocide, ecocide, and colonization (San Francisco : City Lights Books, 2002) .
David Bruce MacDonald, Balkan holocausts? : Serbian and Croatian victim-centred propaganda and the war in Yugoslavia, New York : Manchester University Press ; New York : Distributed exclusively in the USA by Palgrave, 2002.
Nikolai Oganesovich Oganesian, The Armenian genocide : Armenocide, causes, commission, consequences / Nikolay Hovhannisyan. Published/Created: Yerevan : "Zangak-97", 2002. Description: 103 p. :Notes: At head of title: Republic of Armenia, National Academy of Sciences, Institute of Oriental Studies. "Tatev Scientific-Educational Complex"-P. facing t.p. Includes bibliographical references.
Samantha Power, A Problem from Hell: America and the Age of Genocide New York : Basic Books, 2002, 384 pp.
Samantha Power, whose article "Bystanders to Genocide" in the September 2001 issue of the Atlantic Monthly drew widespread attention will have a book published in February 2002. The executive director of the Carr Center for Human Rights Policy at the John F. Kennedy School of Government at Harvard University, Power examines how Americans have very rarely marshaled their might to stop genocide and mass terror against Armenians, European Jews, Cambodians, Iraqi Kurds, Bosnians, and Rwandans. Power writes, "Whatever America's commitment to Holocaust remembrance (embodied in the presence of the Holocaust Museum on the Mall in Washington, D.C.), the United States has never intervened to stop genocide. This book is an effort to understand why. While the history of America's response to genocide is not an uplifting one, "A Problem from Hell" tells the stories of countless Americans who took seriously the slogan of "never again" and tried to secure American intervention. Only by understanding the reasons for their small successes and colossal failures can we understand what we as a country, and we as citizens, could have done to stop the most savage crimes of the last century." Drawing upon declassified cables, private papers, exclusive interviews with Washington's top policy-makers, and her own reporting from the modern killing fields in Bosnia in 1993, Power brings a story-teller's gift for gripping narrative together with a reporter's hunger for the inside story. With the authority of one who has witnessed such atrocities herself, Power goes on to set a visionary and yet feasible agenda for how the United States might change course to prevent or halt future genocide. "A Problem from Hell" makes a riveting moral argument for why, as both great power and global citizen, we must renew our vigilance against genocide.
Heather Rae, State identities and the homogenisation of peoples New York : Cambridge University Press, c2002. Subjects: Forced migration--History. Population transfers--History. Genocide--History. Political atrocities--History.
Michael Saltman, edited, Land and territoriality New York : Berg, 2002. Subjects: Ethnicity. Ethnic conflict. Human territoriality. Territorial expansion. Genocide.
James Waller, Becoming evil : how ordinary people commit genocide and mass killing Oxford ; New York : Oxford University Press, 2002. 316 p. Subjects: Genocide--Psychological aspects. Social psychology.
George J. Andreopoulos, editor, Concepts and strategies in international human rights New York : Peter Lang, c2002.Contents: The challenges of humane governance / Richard Falk -- Human rights standards and the human rights movement in the global South: the UDHR and beyond / Susan Waltz -- Rescuing human rights: the prospects for humanitarian intervention and the role of the United Nations / Tom Farer -- On the prevention of genocide: humanitarian intervention and the role of the United Nations / George J. Andreopoulos -- A glass half full: the NAFTA labor agreement and cross-border labor action / Lance Compa -- The right to education and human rights education / Richard P. Claude.
Alexander Laban Hinton, editor, Annihilating difference : the anthropology of genocide, University of California Press, 2002.
David E. Lorey and William H. Beezley, editors, Genocide, collective violence, and popular memory : the politics of remembrance in the twentieth century, Wilmington, Del. : SR Books, 2002, xxxiii, 258 pp. [Subjects: Genocide--Psychological apsects, Genocide--History--20th century, Memory--Social aspects]
Nicolaus Mills and Kira Brunner, editors, The new killing fields : massacre and the politics of intervention, New York, NY : Basic Books, 2002.
Carol Rittner, John K. Roth, and James M. Smith, editor, Will genocide ever end? St. Paul : Paragon House, 2002.
Michael Saltman, editor, Land and territoriality, New York : Berg, 2002. [Subjects: Ethnicity, Ethnic conflict, Human territoriality, Territorial expansion, Genocide]
World at risk : a global issues sourcebook. Washington, D.C. : CQ Press, a division of Congressional Quarterly Inc., c2002. Related Names: CQ Press. Description: xii, 692 p. : ill., maps ; 27 cm. ISBN: 1568027079 (hardcover : alk. paper) Contents: AIDS / Tamara Schuyler -- Arms control / J. Peter Scoblic -- Biodiversity / Tim Allman -- Cultural preservation / Henry J. Rutz -- Deforestation / Tim Allman -- Development aid / Catherine Weaver -- Energy / Richard B. Norgaard -- Epidemics / Tamara Schuyler -- Ethnic and regional conflict / Murat Somer -- Fragile ecosystems / Chris Woodford -- Freshwater / Chris Woodford ---Genocide / Edward Kissi -- Global warming / Chris Woodford -- Health / David E. Bloom and David Canning -- Human rights / Daan Bronkhorst -- Hunger and food security / Suresh Babu -- Income inequality / James Heintz -- International criminal justice / Eric Stover -- International law / Bruce Cronin -- Labor and employment / Scott Martin -- Literacy and educational access / Anya Hogoboom -- Peacemaking and peacebuilding / Erin McCandless and Mary Hope Schwoebel -- Pollution / Chris Woodford -- Population / Ulla Larsen -- Refugees / Stephen C. Lubkemann -- Terrorism / David Leheny -- Urbanization / Chris Woodford -- War crimes / Timothy L. H. McCormack -- Women / Aili Tripp -- World Trade / Kar-yiu Wong.
Edging into the future : science fiction and contemporary cultural transformation / edited by Veronica Hollinger and Joan Gordon. Published/Created: Philadelphia : University of Pennsylvania Press, c2002. Related Names: Hollinger, Veronica. Gordon, Joan, 1947- Description: viii, 278 p. ; 24 cm. ISBN: 0812236572 (hbk. : alk. paper) 0812218043 (pbk. : alk. paper) Contents: Evaporating genre : strategies of dissolution in the postmodern fantastic / Gary K. Wolfe -- Omniphage : rock'n'roll and avant-pop science fiction / Lance Olsen -- Synthespians, virtual humans, and hypermedia : emerging contours of post-SF film / Brooks Landon -- Staying with the body : narratives of the posthuman in contemporary science fiction / Jenny Wolmark -- "But aren't those just ... you know, metaphors?" Postmodern figuration in the science fiction of James Morrow and Gwyneth Jones / Brian Attebery -- Sex/uality and the figure of the of the hermaphrodite in science fiction ; or, the revenge of Herculine Barbin / Wendy Pearson -- Mutant youth : posthuman fantasies and high-tech consumption in 1990s science fiction / Rob Latham -- "Going postal" : rage, science fiction, and the ends of the American subject / Roger Luckhurst -- Apocalypse coma / Veronica Hollinger -- Kairos : the enchanted loom / Gwyneth Jones -- Dead letters and their inheritors : ecospasmic crashes and the postmortal condition in Brian Stableford's histories of the future / Brian Stableford -- Utopia, genocide, and the other / Joan Gordon -- Dis-imagined communities : science fiction the the future of nations / Istvan Csicsery-Ronay, Jr. Notes: Includes bibliographical references (p. -266) and index.
John H. Harvey, ., 1943- : Perspectives on loss and trauma : assaults on the self Thousand Oaks, Calif. : Sage Publications, c2002. Description: ix, 317 p. ; 23 cm. ISBN: 0761921613 (pbk.) Contents: Introduction to the study of loss and trauma -- Losing loved ones to death -- Dissolution and divorce -- Loss due to illness and injury -- Unemployment and homelessness -- Suicide -- Lifespan losses and aging -- Violence and war -- The holocaust and genocide -- International perspectives on loss and adaptation: the case of Romania -- Adaptation and therapeutic approaches -- Perspectives on personal adjustment to loss. Notes: Includes bibliographical references (p. 299-312) and index. Subjects: Loss (Psychology) Psychic trauma. Wounds and injuries. Grief. Bereavement--Psychological aspects. Adjustment (Psychology) Life change events.
Helmut Walser Smith, editor, The Holocaust and Other Genocides : History, Representation, Ethics, Vanderbilt Univ Press, 2002, 320 pp.Helmut Walser Smith, editor, Protestants, Catholics and Jews in Germany, 1800-1914 Helmut Walser Smith, German Nationalism and Religious Conflict; Helmut Walser Smith,The Butcher's Tale : Murder and Anti-Semitism in a German Town, 2002
Edited by Daniele Conversi, editor, Ethnonationalism in the Contemporary World: Walker Connor and the Theory of Nationalism. Contributions by Walker Connor, Anthony D Smith, Joshua A. Fishman, John Edwards, William Douglass, Thomas Spira, Robert J. Kaiser, William Safran, John Stone, John Coakley, Donald L. Horowitz, Daniele Conversi, and Brendan O'Leary. London: Routledge, 2002
Nationalism and national identity are too multifaceted and elusive phenomena to be studied from the perspective of a single academic discipline. Ethnonationalism in the Contemporary World is an unprecedented effort to surmount this barrier. Contributors represent a broad array of disciplines: anthropology, comparative politics, geography, history, linguistics, political science, sociology, social psychology, and international relations. The authors are world-renowned authorities both within their respective disciplines and the field of national identity.Their ranks include the current editors-in-chief of five of the six leading journals within that field, as well as the founding editor of the sixth. All contributors have been authoring landmark pieces on national identity for several years, many for decades. With the sole exception of a focal essay by Walker Connor, who coined the term 'ethnonationalism' and to whom the book is dedicated, none of the contributions have previously been published. They address the core issues of identity, including race and identity, race and nation, ethnicity and nation, language and nation, religion and nation, homelands and homeland psychology, dating the creation of nations, the primordial debate, managing ethnic conflict, and the relationship of nationalism to patriotism.
Table of contents Preface 1- Daniele Conversi, 'Conceptualizing nationalism' 2- Walker Connor, 'Nationalism and political illegitimacy' Modernity and Emotions 3- Anthony D Smith, 'Dating the nation' 4- Donald L. Horowitz, 'The Primordialists' 5- Joshua A. Fishman, 'The Primordialist/ Constructivist debate today ' Case Studies 6- William Douglass, 'Sabino's Sin: Racism and the Founding of Basque Nationalism' 7- John Stone, 'Ethnonationalism in black and white: Scholars and the South African revolution' 8- John Edwards, 'Sovereignty or separation? Contemporary political discourse in Canada ' Applied Connorian perspectives 9- Brendan O'Leary, 'Federations and The Management of Nations: Walker Connor and Ernest Gellner' 10- William Safran, 'Ethnic conflict and third party mediation: A critical review' 11-- John Coakley, 'Religion and Nationalism in the First World' Wider implications 12- Robert J. Kaiser, 'Homeland making and the territorialization of national identity' 13- Thomas Spira, 'Ethnicity and nationality: The twin-matrices of Nationalism' 14- Daniele Conversi, 'Resisting Primordialism (and other -isms)' 15- Walker Connor: A Bibliography, 1967-2001 http://easyweb.easynet.co.uk/conversi/ethnonat
Irving Louis Horowitz Taking Lives : Genocide and State Power - 5th revised editon , New Brunswick, N.J., U.S.A. : Transaction Publishers, 2002, xiv, 447 pp. [ Sociological approach to Genocide, Mass murder, State-sponsored terrorism. original editon 1980, 4th edition in 1997 expanded and revised ]
Personal Name: Kiernan, Ben. Main Title: The pol pot regime : race, power, and genocide in cambodia under the khmer rouge, 1975-79 / Ben Kiernan. Edition Information: nota ed. Published/Created: New Haven, CT : Yale University Press, 2002.
Neil Jeffrey Kressel, Mass hate : the global rise of genocide and terror, Updated ed. with a new preface by the author, Boulder, CO : Westview Press, 2002. [ Psychological aspects of Genocide, Terrorism and Hate crimes]
Steven R. Ratner and Jason S. Abrams, Accountability for Human Rights Atrocities in International Law: Beyond the Nuremberg Legacy - Second Edition (first edition - 1997), 488pp.
More than fifty years after the Nuremberg and Tokyo trials, nations still struggle with the necessity of holding individuals accountable for human rights violations. This book offers an unprecedented progress report on this crucial enterprise, providing a thoroughly researched and eloquently written survey of the legal and policy framework within which these and other complex issues may be examined. It combines scholarly erudition with a practical sense and thus provides a valuable instrument for the pursuit of international justice. It is indispensable reading for students, practitioners, scholars and others interested in accountability for gross human rights abuses. After examining the scope of international crime, the mechanisms created by states for enforcing laws, and the practical difficulties of applying such laws, the authors conclude their comprehensive study with an important assessment of the future of accountability. CONTENTS PART I: SUBSTANTIVE LAW 1. Individual Accountability for Human Rights Abuses: Historical and Legal Underpinnings 2. Genocide and the Imperfections of Codification 3. Crimes Against Humanity and the Inexactitude of Custom 4. War Crimes and the Limitations of Accountability for Acts in Armed Conflict 5. Other Abuses Incurring Individual Responsibility Under International Law 6. Expanding and Contracting Culpability: Related Crimes, Defenses, and Other Barriers to Criminality PART II: MECHANISMS FOR ACCOUNTABILITY 7. Mechanisms for Accountability: Framing the Issues 8. The Forum of First Resort: National Tribunals 9. The Progeny of Nuremberg: International Criminal Tribunals 10. Non-Prosecutorial Options: Investigatory Commissions, Civil Suits, and Immigration Measures 11. Developing the Case: Comments on Evidence and Judicial Assistance PART III: A CASE STUDY: THE ATROCITIES OF THE KHMER ROUGE 12. The Khmer Rouge Rule Over Cambodia: A Historical Overview 13. Applying the Law 14. Engaging the Mechanisms PART IV: CONCLUSIONS 15. Striving for Justice: The Prospects for Individual Accountability APPENDICES
Douglas G. Anglin, Confronting Rwandan genocide : the military options : what could and should the international community have done? / Clementsport : Canadian Peacekeeping Press, 2002. 49 p.
Michael N. Barnett, Eyewitness to a Genocide : The United Nations and Rwanda, Ithaca : Cornell University Press, 2002.
Contents: Introduction: Depraved indifference? 1: It was a very good year 2: Rwanda through rose-colored glasses 3: "If this is an easy operation..." 4: The fog of genocide 5: Diplomatic games 6: The hunt for moral responsibility -- Chronology of Rwandan conflict, Includes bibliographical references and index.
Villia Jefremovas, Brickyards to graveyards : from production to genocide in Rwanda, Albany : State University of New York Press, c2002. Description: xi, 162 p.
Christian P. Scherrer, Genocide and crisis in Central Africa : conflict roots, mass violence, and regional war / Christian P. Scherrer ; foreword by Robert Melson. Published/Created: Westport, Conn. : Praeger, 2002.
Michael Thad Allen, Business of genocide : the SS, slave labor, and the concentration camps, Chapel Hill, N.C.: University of North Carolina Press, 2002. [Subjects: Nationalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiter-Partei. SS-Wirtschafts-Verwaltungshauptamt--History. Forced labor, conscript labor and concentration camps ]
Doris L. Bergen, War and genocide : a concise history of the Holocaust Lanham, Md. : Rowman & Littlefield, 2002. Description: xi, 263 p.Contents: 1. Preconditions: antisemitism, racism, and common prejudices in early 20th century Europe -- 2. Leadership and will: Adolf Hitler, the National Socialist German Workers' Party, and Nazi ideology -- 3. From revolution to routine: Nazi Germany, 1933-1938 -- 4. Open aggression: in search of war, 1938-1939 -- 5. Experiments in brutality, 1939-1940: war against Poland and the so-called euthanasia program -- 6. Expansion and systemization: exporting war and terror, 1940-1941 -- 7. The peak years of killing: 1942 and 1943 -- 8. Death throes: killing frenzies, 1944-1945. Notes: Includes bibliographical references (p. 229-241) and index.
Christhard Hoffmann, editor, Exclusionary Violence : Antisemitic Riots in Modern Germany (Social History, Popular Culture, and Politics in Germany)
Rolf-Dieter Müller and Gerd R. Ueberschär, Hitler's war in the East, 1941-1945 : a critical assessment 2nd, rev. ed., translation of texts by Bruce D. Little, New York : Berghahn Books, 2002.
Leonard S. Newman and Ralph Erber, editors, Understanding Genocide: The social psychology of the Holocaust : contemporary analyses of the perpetrators of genocide, Oxford University Press, July 2002.
When and why do groups target each other for extermination? How do seemingly normal people become participants in genocide? Why do some individuals come to the rescue of members of targeted groups, while others just passively observe their victimization? And how do perpetrators and bystanders later come to terms with the choices that they made? These questions have long vexed scholars and laypeople alike, and they have not decreased in urgency as we enter the twenty-first century. In this book, prominent social psychologists use the principles derived from contemporary research in their field to try to she light on the behavior of the perpetrators of genocide. The primary focus of this volume is on the Holocaust, or the Jewish Catastrophe of the 1930s an 1940s, but the conclusions reached have relevance for attempts to understand any episode of mass killing. Among the topics covered (and summarized in the Epilogue) are how crises and difidult life conditions might set the stage for violent intergroup conflict; why some groups are more likely than others to be selected as scapegoats; how certain cultural values and beliefs could facilitate the initiation of genocide; the roles of conformity and obedience to authority in shaping behavior; how engaging in violent behavior makes it easier to for one to aggress again; the evidence for a "genocide prone" personality; and how perpetrators deceive themselves about what they have done. The book does not culminate in a grand theory of intergroup violence; instead, it seels to provide the reader with new ways of making sense of the horrors of genocide. In other words, the goal of all of the contributors is to provide us with at least some of the knowledge that we will need to anticipate and prevent future such tragic episodes.
Margalit Gilad, Germany and Its Gypsies A Post-Auschwitz Ordeal -Univ of Wisconsin Pr;312 pages"No other study so carefully and comprehensively examines the history of Gypsies in Germany, especially since the end of World War II." —James F. Tent, author of Mission on the Rhine - Historian Gilad Margalit eloquently fills a tragic gap in the historical record with this sweeping examination of the plight of Gypsies in Germany before, during, and since the era of the Third Reich. Germany and Its Gypsies reveals the painful record of the official treatment of the German Gypsies, a people whose future, in the shadow of Auschwitz, remains uncertain. Margalit follows the story from the heightened racism of the nineteenth century to the National Socialist genocidal policies that resulted in the murder of most German Gypsies, from the shifting attitudes in the two Germanys in 1945 through reunification and up to the present day. Drawing upon a rich variety of sources, Margalit considers the pivotal historic events, legal arguments, debates, and changing attitudes toward the status of the German Gypsies and shines a vitally important light upon the issue of ethnic groups and their victimization in society. The result is a powerful and unforgettable testament. Gilad Margalit is lecturer in the Department of General History at the University of Haifa, Israel.
Annette Wieviorka, Auschwitz explained to my daughter / ; translated by Leah Brumer. Uniform Title: [Auschwitz expliqué à ma fille. English] Published/Created: New York : Marlowe & Co., 2002. Projected Pub. Date: 0209 Description: p. cm. ISBN: 1569245525 (tradepaper) 1569245169 (cloth) Summary: A French historian whose grandparents died in the Holocaust answers her thirteen-year-old daughter's questions about that historic event, including Hitler's rise to power, the establishment of ghettos and concentration camps, and the genocide of the Jews.
Marcus Funck ... [et al.] ;Sacrifice and national belonging in twentieth-century Germany / by introduction by John Borneman ; edited by Greg Eghigian and Matthew Paul Berg. Published/Created: College Station : Texas A&M University Press, c2002. Related Names: Funck, Marcus. Eghigian, Greg, 1961- Berg, Matthew Paul, 1961- Description: x, 229 p. : ill. ; 25 cm. ISBN: 1585442070 (alk. paper) Contents: German sacrifice today / John Borneman -- The meaning of dying / Marcus Funck -- Was it all just a dream / Brian E. Crim -- Injury, fate, resentment, and sacrifice in German political culture, 1914-1939 / Greg Eghigian -- There is a land where everything is pure / Michael Geyer -- The violence of difference / Uli Linke -- Sacrifice and victimization in the commemorative practices of Nazi genocide after German unification memorials and visual metaphors / Silke Wenk.
Rolf-Dieter Müller and Gerd R. Ueberschär, Hitler's war in the East, 1941-1945 : a critical assessment / ; translation of texts by Bruce D. Little. Edition Information: 2nd, rev. ed. Published/Created: New York : Berghahn Books, 2002. "A publication of the Bibliothek für Zeitgeschichte/Library of Contemporary History, Stuttgart." Includes bibliographical references and index. Subjects: World War, 1939-1945--Campaigns--Eastern Front. World War, 1939-1945--Germany. World War, 1939-1945--Soviet Union. Series: War and genocide ; v. 5
Leonard S. Newman and Ralph Erber, editors , Understanding genocide : the social psychology of the Holocaust (New York : Oxford University Press, 2002), 360 p.
Michael P. Scharf, William A. Schabas, Slobodan Milosevic on trial : a companion (New York : Continuum, 2002) 178 p. ;
Cheng-Chih Wang (b. 1961), Words kill : calling for the destruction of "class enemies" in China, 1949-1953, London ; New York : Routledge, 2002.Subjects: Zhongguo gong chan dang. Propaganda, Communist--China. Genocide--China. Series: East Asia (New York, N.Y.)
Nicholas A. Robins, Millennialism and genocide in Upper Peru : the Great Rebellion of 1780-1782, Westport, Conn. : Praeger, 2002. [ Insurrection of Tupac Amaru, 1780-1781 in Bolivia and Peru ]
James William Chichetto, Reckoning genocide : poems on Native Americans, Morristown, TN : Indian Heritage Council, 2002.
Anders Bjørn Hansen (b. 1970), Partition and genocide : manifestation of violence in Punjab, 1937-1947; foreword by Ian Talbot. (New Delhi : India Research Press, 2002), 216 p.
Daniel Levitas, The Terrorist Next Door: The Militia Movement and the Radical Right, (Thomas Dunne Books, 2002) www.terroristnextdoor.com
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