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Last revised
29 Sept 2004


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International Association of Genocide Scholars (IAGS, est. 1995) www.iasg-ags.org

Genocide Research Centers - International

Fundacion Memoria Del Holocausto (est. 1993, Buenos Aires. El Museo de la Shoá queda en Montevideo 919, Capital Federal. ) Exhibits include artifacts and documents donated by individuals and families of some of the 8,000 survivors who arrived in Argentina after WWII. .www.fmh.org.ar

Genocide Institute - Museum of Armenia  Est. 1995 A project of the Division of Humanitarian Sciences of the National Academy of Sciences of Armenia www.sci.am The Institute obtains historic and documentary materials from State Archives of different countries of the world. Evidences and witnesses of massacres have been collected and are going to be published, many archive documents are translated. Tours of the museum are in in Armenian, Russian, English, French and German; Director: Dr. Lavrenti Ashoti Barseghyan, Address: Tsitsernakaberd, Yerevan -28, Republic of Armenia Phone: (+374 1) 390981; 391041; 391412 E-mail: lbars@sci.am www.armenocide.am

Dokumentationsarchiv des österreichischen Widerstandes (Documentation archives of the Austrian resistance) www.doew.at

KZ Gedenkstatte Mathausen mauthausen memorial, the website sponsored by the Austrian Ministry of the Interior (Bundesministerium für Inneres) site in German, English and 28 other languages www.mauthausen-memorial.at

Australian Centre for Peace & Conflict Studies (ACPACS) University of Queensland, Brisbane. ACPACS is a new peace studies center with researchers focused on peacekeeping and peacebuilding, conflict resolution and transformation, state formation in multi-ethnic communities, development and building sustainable peace in communities and societies affected by violent conflict and humanitarian intervention. The new Centre has 10 senior academic associates, including founding director Kevin Clements, former Secretary General of International Alert in London
. www.polsis.uq.edu.au/acpacs/

Australian Institute for Holocaust and Genocide Studies (est. 2000, Shalom College, University of New Souty Wales, Sydney, formerly Centre for Comparative Genocide Studies, est. 1993) Website includes a special "Pontian Genocide and Asia Minor Holocaust Research Unit" which collects and translates archives and eyewitness testimonies. www.aihgs.com

Cambodian Genocide Program Documentation Project University of New South Wales, Sydney www-cgp.sistm.unsw.edu.au

Jewish Holocaust Museum and Research Centre Melbourne, First Holocaust Museum in Australia. Our Survivor-Guides bring to life this "tragic period of European History when 6 million Jews, Gypsies, Homosexuals and others were murdered by the Nazi regime." www.sprint.net.au/%7Ehc/

War Crimes Fact Finding Committee (WCFFC) and Genocide Archive & Human Studies Centre (GAHSC), Dhaka

Muktijuddha Jadughar (The Liberation War Museum), Est. 1994 in Dhaka, Bangladesh www.liberationmuseum.org

Auschwitz Foundation Study and Documentation Center

Bangladesh Centre for Genocide Studies, Brussels www.bangladeshgenocide.org

Genocide Research Center (est. 2000, Ghent, Belgium) study, detection and prevention of genocides www.genocide.be Website still in development in March 2004

Instituta za istrazivanje zlocina protiv covjecnosti i medjunarodnog prava (Institute for Research of Crimes Against Humanity and International Law) Sarajevo

Montreal Institute for Genocide and Human Rights Studies (MIGS, est. 1986, Concordia Univ, Montreal, Quebec) migs.concordia.ca

International Centre for Human Rights and Democratic Development (Le Centre international des droits de la personne et du développement démocratique) Est. 1990 by the Canadian parliament. www.ichrdd.ca

The Nationalism and Ethnic Conflict Research Group (NECRG) University of Western Ontario www.ssc.uwo.ca/polysci/necrg/) is an interdisciplinary unit, based in Western’s Department of Political Science, which brings together scholars from various departments and faculties of the university who have expertise and research interests in specific aspects of this increasingly important field. Its aim is to promote the study of cultural, historical and territorial dimensions of ethnopolitical conflict, issues of national identity, and processes of conflict management and reconciliation. It sponsors visiting scholars, workshops, international symposia and conferences, with participants from many backgrounds, including government and private organizations. The the 10th international conference organized by NECRG was “Why Neighbours Kill: Explaining the Breakdown of Ethnic Relations” held June 4-5, 2004 .WhyNeighboursKill.ca

Zoryan Institute of Canada (est. 1984, Toronto, Ontario) Research centre on the Armenian Genocide www.zoryan.org A Division of the Zoryan Institute, the International Institute for Genocide & Human Rights Studies holds Intensive, Two-week Summer Institute on Genocide and Human Rights to be held in Minneapolis (July 5-16, 2004) and Toronto (Aug. 3- 13, 2004) providing 4 credits from the University of Minnesota. www.genocidestudies.org

Documentation Center of Cambodia (DC-Cam - Phnom Penh), www.bigpond.com.kh/users/dccam.genocide

Fundacion Museo Shoa Y Tolerancia, Santiago

Czech Republic:
holocaust.cz Internetové stránky o holocaustu, rasismu a antisemitismu "The aim of this website is to provide Czech public with reliable and up-to-date information about the history of the Holocaust, about the Holocaust education and different related events in the Czech republic. The site is being developed as a practical tool for Czech teachers and students."

Terezinska Iniciativa, Prague. The
Terezín Initiative Institute is a non-profit organization which came to existence through transformation from Terezín Initiative Foundation (Nadace Terezínská iniciativa) founded in 1993 by international association of former prisoners of Terezín ghetto, Terezín Initiative. During WWII 150,000 Jews were held in the Theresienstadt ghetto concentration camp. The Pinkas synagogue, housing an impressive monument to the victims of "final solution of Jewish question" in Czech lands, listing 77, 297 names of Jewish victims.On August 16, 2002 the town of Terezín and the Terezín Memorial were severely affected by flooding. www.terezinstudies.cz/

Department for Holocaust and Genocide Studies
 (Copenhagen) www.dchf.dk see also www.folkedrab.dk

Estonian International Commission for the Investigation of Crimes against Humanity Lennart Meri, President of the Republic of Estonia, convened the Commission on October 2, 1998. After a detailed discussion the Commission decided that the investigation would focus on crimes against humanity committed during three distinct historical periods: The occupation of Estonia by Soviet forces in 1940-41, The occupation of Estonia by German forces in 1941-44, The second Soviet occupation beginning in 1944. www.historycommission.ee

Okupatsioon Muuseum www.okupatsioon.ee

AIRCRIGE Association Internationale de Recherches sur les Crimes contre l'Humanité et les Génocides (est. 1997, International Association for Research on Crimes Against Humanity and Genocides ) www.aircrige.org

Centre de documentation juive contemporaine (CDJC, 37 rue de Turenne, 75003 Paris ) Established in 1945 with an international library and research center. Now also the site of a memorial. Website is in French and English.. In 2004 the Centre commemorated the Rwandan genocide and hosted a photo exhibit. www.memorial-cdjc.org

Conservatoire historique du camp de Drancy www.camp-de-drancy.asso.fr

Fédération Nationale des Déportés et Internés Résistants et Patriotes National Federation of Deported and Imprisoned Resistance Fighters and Patriots www.fndirp.asso.fr

Fondation pour la memoire de la Shoah (est. 1995) www.fondationshoah.org

Actualité et Droit International Revue d'analyse juridique de l'actualité internationale. Articles, entretiens, débats, conférences, sélections et recherche de sites www.ridi.org/adi/

l'Encyclopédie Universelle des Droits de l'Homme www.eudh.org

Le centre Simon Wiesenthal-Europe (Paris) European office of the Simon Wiesenthal Center www.wiesenthal.com

Les Fils et Filles des Déportés Juifs de France (The Sons and Daughters of the Deported Jews of France www.klarsfeld.org/ffdjf.htm

www.anti-rev.org (Michel Fingerhut) Ressources documentaires sur le génocide nazi et sa négation (Documentary Resources on the Nazi Genocide and its Denial)

Survie France "Donner valeur de loi au devoir de sauver les vivants" Estblished in 1985 www.survie-france.org

Documentation and Culture Centre of German Sinti and Roma Dokumentations- und Kulturzentrum Deutscher Sinti und Roma, Heidelberg www.sintiundroma.de

Fritz Bauer Institut Studien- und Dokumentationszentrum zur Geschichte und Wirkung des Holocaust (Fritz Bauer Institute Study- and Documentation Center on the History and Impact of the Holocaust) The first German interdisciplinary center for the study and documentation of the history and the impact of the Holocaust. www.fritz-bauer-institut.de

Gedenkstäetten Forum (est. 2000) the Information Portal to Memorial Sites in Germany www.gedenkstäettenforum.de

Haus der Wannsee-Konferenz (House of the Wannsee Conference) Est. 1992 in Berln as a memorial and educational center on the 50th anniversary of the Wannassee conference on January 20th, 1942. The ermanent exhibit is"The Wannsee Conference and the Genocide of the European Jews" Website had educational materials in 12 languages. www.ghwk.de/

European Network of Genocide Scholars (ENoGS): Foundational Meeting, Berlin, January 13-15, 2005 at the Haus der Kulturen der Welt www.hkw.de While genocide research has become an established academic discipline in the USA since the 1970s, its institutional recognition is still in its infancy in many European countries. Whereas in the United States conferences, journals, and publication series attest to a vibrant community of genocide scholars, such a scholarly infrastructure is less well developed in Europe. With the foundation of ENoGS we attempt to foster scholarly exchange between individuals and institutions worldwide. It will be open to researchers from all academic disciplines working on genocide and mass violence from within and outside Europe. Its focus is historical and comparative. A webpage and a discussion-list as a forum for academic announcements and discussions are planned, as well as the publication of a journal or a yearbook. We attempt to cooperate with existing organisations wherever possible. We invite all interested parties to our foundational meeting in Berlin. Please share with interested colleagues. From August on, updated information on ENoGS and its foundation will also be available on our website: ENOGS Please do not hesitate to ask for further information: Contact Dr. Juergen Zimmerer juergenzimmerer@freenet.de (For more details see www.hist.net/ag-genozid/namibianwar )

Max Planck Institute for Foreign and International Criminal Law - Freiburg www.iuscrim.mpg.de

Raphael Lemkin Institute for Xenophobia and Genocide Research Universität Bremen (University of Bremen) www.uni-bremen.de/~sozarbwi/deutsch/institut/rli.htm

Institute for Diaspora and Genocide Research Ruhr-Universität Bochum, publishes Zeitschrift für Genozidforschung since 1999. www.ruhr-uni-bochum.de/idg/

www.shoah.de deutschsprachiges internetportal zum thema shoah und holocaust. Diese Seite wird von der Aktion Kinder des Holocaust, Aktion Kinder des Holocaust (AKdH www.akdh.net) betreut

Stiftung Denkmal für die ermordeten Juden Europas (Foundation for the Memorial to the Murdered Jews of Europe) Est. April 6, 2000, the Foundation administers the Berlin Holocaust Memorial approved by the Bundestag on June 25, 1999. The memorial, which will open in 2004 near Brandenburg Gate, is a field of 2,751 concrete steles complemented by an underground Information Centre in the southeastern corner of the field. www.holocaust-mahnmal.de The Memorial was esetablished at the urging of the Förderkreis zur Errichtung eines Denkmals für die ermordeten Juden Europas e.V. (Association Memorial to the Murdered Jews of Europe), the idea originating in 1988 by a circle of people around the journalist Lea Rosh.www.holocaust-denkmal-berlin.de

Stiftung Topographie des Terrors (Topography of Terror Foundation Berlin Germany) www.topographie.de

CALDH- Centro para Acción Legal en Derechos Humanos Center for Human Rights Legal Action, est. 1989, 1994) also the English website www.justiceforgenocide.org

Budapesti Holokauszt Múzeum és Dokumentációs Központ (Holocaust Museum and Documentation Centre). Expected to open on Budapest's Pava Street in 2004 www.bphm.org

Institute on the Holocaust and Genocide ( est 1979, Jerusalem) POBox 10311, 91102 Jerusalem, Israel

Ghetto Fighters' House Holocaust and Jewish Resistance Heritage Museum www.gfh.org.il

Yad Vashem The Holocaust Martyrs' and Heroes' Remembrance Authority (est. 1953, Jerusalem) www.yad-vashem.org.il

Irish Centre for Human Rights (est. 2000, National University Galway www.nuigalway.ie/human_rights/

Centro Studi per la Pace
(Studies for Peace Center, est. 1999, Universitŕ di Ferrara (University of Ferrara), Italy

Comparative Genocide Studies: University of Tokyo, Komaba (CGS ) - “The Development of Genocide Research” is one of the core research projects in the Japan Society for the Promotion of Science ( www.jsps.go.jp ). Currently an unexplored area of the humanities and social sciences in Japan) , the aim of this project is to establish a theoretical framework for comparative genocide research, based on concrete empirical evidence, and to work towards theories of prevention. The project has held two Symposia on Dec14, 2003 and March 27, 2004. The University of Tokyo, Komaba Meguro-ku, Komaba 3-8-1 (Blgd.101) 153-8902 Tokyo, Japan Tel/Fax +81 3 5454 6196. Associate Professor Yuji Ishida (Director) www.cgs.c.u-tokyo.ac.jp/index_english.htm

Genocide and Mass Violence Comparative Research Project
of the Hiroshima Peace Institute (HPI)
- Hiroshima City University. Est. in April 2002 and focusing on 'steps towards a policy of genocide prevention', this project, directed by Christian P. Scherrer, will host a series of annual week-long workshops from 2003 to 2006. serv.peace.hiroshima-cu.ac.jp/English/eproject/project5.htm

Holocaust Education Center Hiroshima www.urban.ne.jp/home/hecjpn/

Tokyo Holocaust Education Center www.ne.jp/asahi/holocaust/tokyo/

Committee for Evaluation of the Consequences of Totalitarian Regime Est. March 11, 1996. Its predecessor, Commission for the Investigation of Totalitarian Regime Crimes had been functioning since March 31, 1992.15 Skunu Str, Riga, LV-1050, Latvia

Lietuvos gyventoju genocido ir rezistencijos tyrimo centras
Genocide and Resistance Research Centre of Lithuania www.genocid.lt

Tarptautine komisija naciu ir sovietu okupaciniu rezimu nusikaltimams Lietuvoje ivertinti ( International Commission for the Evaluation of the Crimes of the Nazi and Soviet Occupation Regimes in Lithuania) estab. Sept. 7. 1998. Often holds conferences in late September near the Zydu genocido diena www.komisija.lt

Jewish Community of Lithuania (JCL,est. 1989) www.litjews.org

Committee on Human Rights of the Seimas of Lithuania www.lrs.lt

Tarptautinis Vilniaus Forumas Holokausto auku išgrobstytu kulturos vertybiu tema (Vilnius International Forum on Holocaust-Era Looted Cultural Assets) www.vilniusforum.lt

Amahoro Foundation
www.amahoro.nl One project of the foundation is the Rwanda Genocide Archive www.genocide94.org

Anne Frank Huis Anne Frank House works to familiarize young people across the globe with the story of Anne Frank and to encourage them to reflect on what it means for the present. www.annefrank.nl

Centrum voor Holocaust- en Genocidestudies (Center for Holocaust and Genocide Studies, est. 2002 by the University of Amsterdam and the Netherlands Institute for War Documentation. The primary activities of the organization are university teaching and scholarly research in Holocaust and genocide studies. Apart from the emphasis on teaching and research, the Center aspires to make a larger audience attentive to the subjects of Holocaust and Genocide. Through public lectures and other activities, the Center provides new views to the present debate on the Holocaust and other cases of Genocide. The staff therefore directs itself on all layers in society, from high school students to academic researchers. www.chgs.nl

Interdisciplinary Research Programme on Root Causes of Human Rights Violations, Leiden Univesity

Nederlands Instituut voor Oorlogsdocumentatie (NIOD - Netherlands Institute for War Documentation ) Part of the Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences. www.niod.nl

HL senteret Senter for studier av Holocaust og livssyns-minoriteters stilling i Norge (The Center for Studies of Holocaust and Religious Minorities in Norway) has two main fields of interest: the Holocaust on the one hand and religious minorities on the other. Within these two fields of interest the Center will contribute with new research, education and information activities, exhibitions and conferences. Moreover, it is the explicit aim to be a meeting-place for people who want to participate in the enduring controversy concerning all kinds of religious, racist and ethnic motivated repression. In 2005 we will move to Villa Grande, Quisling's residence during World War II. www.hlsenteret.no

International Peace Research Institute Est. 1959 in Oslo, PRIO, one of the first centres of peace research in the world, with PRIO staff comprises some 60 persons, PRIO published the Journal of Peace Research and Security Dialogue www.prio.no

Auschwitz-Birkenau Memorial and Museum (Panstwowe Muzeum Auschwitz-Birkenau, Oswiecim, Poland) Est. July 2, 1947 by the Sejm (Parliament) www.auschwitz.org.pl

Instytut Pamieci Narodowej (IPN) - Komisja Scigania Zbrodni przeciwko Narodowi Polskiemu.[The Institute of National Remembrance - Commission for the Prosecution of Crimes against the Polish Nation (IPN) was created on December 18th, 1998.www.ipn.gov.pl

Perm-36 Memorial Museum of the History of Political Repression of Totalitarianism. Russia's
first Gulag museum, which has opened in a former Soviet camp for political prisoners (Special Regime Camp VS-389-36/1). Located near the village of Kuchino in Perm Oblast. The camp was a prison for "ordinary" criminals in 1946. In July 1972 the camp was converted into a political prison where many of the Soviet Union's human rights activists, Jewish refuseniks and others were sent. The camp closed in Dec. 1987, but reopened as a museum in 1994. www.perm36.ru

Russian Holocaust Research and Educational Center Moscow www.holocaust.nm.ru

Sakharov International Human Rights Centre

worldcourts.com (Est. 1999, an informatonal website in English and Russian on institutions administering international justice.

Genocide Prevention Centre - Murambi Located in the province of Gikongoro, where 40,000 people were massacred on 21 April 1994. Rwandan President Paul Kagame announced the establishment of this Centre on Jan 26, 2004 in Stockholm.

Gisozi Centre for Genocide Memorial and Education Established by the Kigali City Council and the Aegis Trust (UK)

Humanitarian Law Center  (est. 1992, Belgrade) A regional non-governmental human rights and humanitarian law organization, founded in 1992 following the outbreak of armed conflicts in the former Yugoslavia. The HLC is based in Belgrade and has regional offices in Priština and Prizren in Kosovo, Novi Sad in Vojvodina (opened in 1997), and in Podgorica, Montenegro (opened 1999). Over 70 lawyers, attorneys, researchers, analysts and other dedicated professionals work for the HLC on a full- or part-time basis. www.hlc.org.yu

Slovak Institute of Nation Remembrance (Est. Jan. 29, 2003) In April 25th, the Slovak National Council elected authorities of the Institute of Nation Remembrance of the Slovak Republic. Mr. Jan Langosz was nominated to the position of the Institute’s President. Mr. Langosz is a former Interior Minister and parliamentarian. The tasks of the Institute are to gather, elaborate and publish analyses concerning all crimes against humanity committed during the existence of the Slovak state during the WWII and the communist regime. The Institute has been placed in the Ministry of Justice. It is estimated by the Slovak Institute’s President that every Slovak citizen will have a possibility to examine his or her records that were accumulated by the former communist services within three months starting from May 2003. In September 2003 lists of names of the former Secret Service collaborators are to be promulgated. Ministerstvo spravodlivosti Slovenskej republiky Župné námestie 13, 813 11 Bratislava www.justice.gov.sk

South Africa:
Cape Town Holocaust Centre the first and only Holocaust Centre in Africa. www.museums.org.za/ctholocaust/

Uppsala Program for Holocaust and Genocide Studies
(Programmet för studier kring Förintelsen och folkmord) Part of the
Uppsala University Center for Multiethnic Research (Centrum för multietnisk forskning) www.multietn.uu.se/uppsalaprogrammet.html

Arbeitsgruppe für Genozidforschung
(est. 2000, Universität Zürich) Work group for Genocide Research www.hist.net/ac-genozid

Babi Yar Memorial Fund Kiev

Ukrainian Center for Holocaust Studies (Est. March 2002) The Center functions as a charitable foundation by the Department of Jewish History and Culture in Institute for Political and Ethnic Studies, Ukrainian National Academy of Sciences. www.holocaust.kiev.ua

United Kingdom:
Imperial War Museum (London) Offers two permanent exhibitions concerning genocide: "The Holocaust Exhibition" (opened 2000) and "Crimes against humanity: an exploration of genocide and ethnic violence" examines the common features of genocides and instances of ethnic violence over the last one hundred years, including Nazi Germany, Bosnia, Cambodia, Armenia and Rwanda. www.iwm.org.uk

INFORCE (International Forensic Centre of Excellence for the investigation of Genocide (est. 2000, Bournemouth Univ., Dorset) www.inforce.org.uk

Leo Kuper Foundation (London) Dedicated to the eradication of genocide through research, advice, and education

Genocide Research and Education Centers - United States

Center for the Study of the Holocaust, Genocide and Human Rights (est. 2003) Center for the Study for the Holocaust, Genocide, and Human Rights in March 2003. "With the study of the Holocaust as its foundation, the Center promotes research, publication, teaching, internships, and service that explore not only the causes of genocide and human rights abuses, but also the ethical commitments, economic policies, political processes, and leadership qualities that are necessary to oppose and correct those destructive conditions." Claremont is 35 miles east of downtown Los Angeles. holocaustcenter.claremontmckenna.edu/

Museum of Tolerance (Los Angeles) motlc.wiesenthal.com/

CSUS Ethnic Studies Department California State University at Sacramento www.csus.edu/ethn/ On October 23-24, 1998 CSUS hosted an international conference on genocide, the Proceedings of which were published as Anatomy of Genocide: State-Sponsored Mass-Killings in the 20th Century (Edwin Mellen Press) The Second International Conference on Genocide is scheduled for October 14-16, 2004.

State of California Center for Excellence on the Study of the Holocaust, Genocide, Human Rights, and Tolerance (California State Univ., Chico) Provides teachers with updated curricular materials, survivor testimony and other educational resources to support the 'Model Curriculum for Human Rights and Genocide established 1988, revised 1998 www.csuchico.edu/mjs/center/

Survivors of the Shoah Visual History Foundation www.vhf.org

U.C. Berkeley War Crimes Studies Center (est. 2000) University of California, Berkeley ist-socrates.berkeley.edu/~warcrime

Genocide Studies Program - Yale University  (est. 1998, New Haven) Cambodian genocide project data-base contains thousands of files of records of Khmer Rouge genocide, with summaries in both Khmer and English. www.yale.edu/gsp Interview with GSP Director Ben Kiernan See also the Cambodian Genocide Program

District of Columbia (Washington, D.C.):
Armenian National Institute (est. 1997) Website includes international affirmation about the Armenian genocide (statements, resolutions, proclamations, trial extracts), educational resources (how to teach about genocide, resource guides, curricula, information on video documentaries, etc.), genocide research (chronology, sample documents, photos, survey to press coverage, and guide to bibliographies). www.amermenian-genocide.org See also preparations for a Armenian Genocide Museum and Memorial in Washington DC at 14th and G Streets, N.W, (two blocks from the White House) to be opened in 2008. Ross Vartian, executive director of the Armenian Assembly of America and former head of the museum effort, says the Museum's purpose is twofold: Remembrance of the murder of 1.5 million Armenians by the Ottoman Empire between 1915 and 1923; and education of visitors about genocide in an effort to prevent it from happening anywhere else in the world.

Center for Human Rights and Humanitarian Law American University, Washington College of Law see also the War Crimes Research Office (est. 1995) www.wcl.american.edu/humright/center.htm

United States Holocaust Memorial Museum (USHMM), 1979, opened 1993, Wash, DC Includes the Center for Advanced Holocaust Studies and the Committee on Conscience www.ushmm.org

National Security Archive (est. 1985, George Washington University) Includes documents from U.S. responses to genocide in Guatemala and Rwanda www.gwu.edu/~nsarchiv

Florida Holocaust Museum (St. Petersburg) Opened in 1992 to honor the memory of those who suffered or died in the Holocaust by "teaching members of all races and cultures to recognize the inherent worth and dignity of human life in order to prevent future genocides." The Museum hosts the Human Rights and Genocide Seminar, 5-day seminar studying genocides that have occurred around the globe. www.flholocaustmuseum.org

Project on Genocide, Psychiatry and Witnessing (est. 1994, University of Illinois at Chicago) www.psych.uic.edu/research/genocide/

Minorities at Risk Project (Est. 1986, College Park) Center for International Development and Conflict Management (CIDCM), University of Maryland www.cidcm.umd.edu/inscr/mar  

GenoDynamics Understanding Genocide Through Time and Space (University of Maryland). The GenoDynamics database concerns all genocide-related activities undertaken in Rwanda during the period between April 6th and July 30th, 1994. The database was compiled from numerous sources, derived from eyewitness accounts and archival research. GenoDynamics is interested in the following 4 questions: 1. What specifically took place during the genocide and how does this vary across the 100 days and across the country? 2. What explanatory factors are associated with the varying rates of participation, violence, and saving of other individuals ? 3. Who participated in the genocide and how does this vary across the 100 days and across the country? 4. How does information about these activities vary across sources? www.genodynamics.com

International War Crimes Project Est. 1996 Boston, MA at the New England School of Law. "During the past five years, the Center has provided more than 70 legal memoranda and hundreds of thousands of pages of supporting research" to the International Criminal Tribunals for the fromer Yugoslavia and for Rwanda (now available online). www.nesl.edu/center/WAR_CRIMES.htm

Strassler Family Center for Holocaust and Genocide Studies  (CHGS) Clark University, Worcester. MA www.clarku.edu/departments/holocaust/

Psychology of Peace and the Prevention of Violence  (est. 2004, UMass-Amherst) See also the associated Healing through Connection and Understanding Project www.heal-reconcile-rwanda.org

Zoryan Institute for Contemporary Armenian Documentation and Research (est. 1982, Cambridge, MA) www.zoryan.org

Armenian Research Center University of Michigan
Dearborn www.umd.umich.edu/dept/armenian/

Center for Holocaust and Genocide Studies (CHGS, est. 1997) University of Minnesota. Website includes a "Virtual Museum of Holocaust and Genocide Arts;" historical narratives and documents; links, bibliographies and educational resources. With the Zoryan Institute's International Institute for Genocide & Human Rights Studies in 2004 CHGS hosted the Intensive, Two-week Summer Institute on Genocide and Human Rights to be held in Minneapolis (July 5-16, 2004) and Toronto (Aug. 3- 13, 2004) providing 4 credits from the University of Minnesota. www.genocidestudies.org. The CHGS website hosts the directory of the Association of Holocaust Organizations (Est. 1985).www.chgs.umn.edu See also the Univ. of Minnesota Human Rights Library

Center for Holocaust/Genocide Education CHGE, St. Cloud University, St. Cloud, MN. MA degree in Holocaust and Genocide Studies. Has an honors class in Native American Genocide. www.stcloudstate.edu/chge/

Center for Study of the Holocaust, Genocide, and Human Rights
Webster University, St. Louis

New Jersey:
Center for Holocaust Studies (est 1979, Brookdale Community College Lincroft, NJ) "To be a resource for: education about historical issues of the Holocaust, genocide, elimination of racism, anti-Semitism and all forms of prejudice that damage our society; and development of outstanding programs and activities regarding these crucial human issues." The library includes books on the "Holocaust and other genocidal events in history". The center also sponsors "Armenian Remembrance Day This is our commemoration of the first genocide of the 20th century." www.holocaustbcc.org

Drew University Center for Holocaust/Genocide Study (est. 1992, Madison, NJ) www.depts.drew.edu/chs/

Julius & Dorothy Koppelman Holocaust/Genocide Resource Center Rider University, Lawrenceville, NJ www.rider.edu/holctr

Resource Center for Holocaust and Genocide Studies at Ramapo College (est. 1980, Mahwan, NJ) www.ramapo.edu/resources/SpecialResources/holocaust

Holocaust and Genocide Resource Center at William Paterson University, Wayne, NJ. Located in the Curriculum Materials Department of the Library, provides Holocaust Education resources for teachers

New York:
Institute for the Study of Genocide (est. 1982, New York) John Jay College of Criminal Justice, CUNY www.iasg-ags.org
Armenian American Society for Studies on Stress and Genocide, New York

Center for Holocaust and Human Rights Studies, Benjamin N. Cardozo School of Law, New York, NY. Established in 2003 in New York City, the Center will launch a Human Rights and Genocide Prevention Clinic in the Spring of 2005. 55 Fifth Avenue (at 12th Street) New York, New York 10003 212-790-0200 www.cardozo.yu.edu/academic_prog/Holocaust_Center.asp

Human Rights and Genocide Forum, Hobart and William Smith Colleges www.hws.edu

Holocaust /Genocide Studies Center, John F. Kennedy High School, Plainview, NY www.pob.k12.ny.us/pobjfkhs/

Holocaust, Genocide and Human Rights Institute Nassau Community College, Garden City, NY . Includes a "Holocaust and Genocide Teacher Training Program" and courses such as "Twentieth Century Genocide" Dr. Sharon Leder leder@sunynassau.edu

Holocaust-Genocide Studies Project (est. 1998) Monroe Community College, Rochester, NY a special collection of materials housed in the LeRoy V. Good Library. www.monroecc.edu/depts/holocaust/

Queensborough Community College's Holocaust Resource Center & Archives (established 1983, Bayside, New York) a free exhibit entitled “1900-2000: A Genocidal Century,” is open to the public through December, 2004 www.qcc.cuny.edu/HRCA

Remember the Women Institute conducts and supports "research and cultural activities that contribute to including women in history and in memorialization." A special emphasis is on Holocaust and its aftermath. Also "topics of research may include the effects of other genocides on women (past, present, and possibly future)". www.rememberwomen.org

Center for Holocaust, Genocide & Peace Studies (CHGPS) University of Nevada, Reno www.unr.edu/chgps/blank.htm

North Carolina:
Eastern North Carolina Holocaust Project at East Carolina University, Greenville, NC, is an educational and research resource for the people of eastern North Carolina. By helping preserve the memory of the 6,000,000 Jews and 5,000,000, Slavs, Gypsies, Gays, and others murdered by Nazi Germany between 1939-45, the project seeks to help prevent future genocides from occurring. www.lib.ecu.edu/Reference/holocaust.html

Holocaust Awareness Museum Gratz College, Philadelphia, PA

Holocaust and Genocide Education Center (est. 1978) West Chester University, West Chester www.wcupa.edu/_academics/holocaust/

Philadelphia Center on the Holocaust, Genocide and Human Rights, ( Marion, PA)

Washington State:
Gonzaga Institute for Action Against Hate was founded in 1997 by Gonzaga University in Spokane, Washington. Since 2001 it has published the Journal of Hate Studies guweb2.gonzaga.edu/againsthate/

Advocacy Organizations

Global Organizations, Coalitions, Federations and Networks:

Amnesty International AI est. 1961, London www.amnesty.org

Coalition for the International Criminal Court (est. 1995, New York) a network of NGOs advocating for a fair, effective and independent International Criminal Court (ICC). www.iccnow.org

FEWER (Forum on Early Warning and Response , est. 1997, London, UK) a global coalition of organizations that provides early warning and promotes early, coordinated responses to violent conflict. www.fewer.org

FIDH - Federation Internationale des Ligues Des Droits de l'Homme (est. 1922, 115 Human Rights organization in 90 countries)www.fidh.org

Genocide Watch (est. 1998, Wash., D.C., USA) Coordinator for the International Campaign to End Genocide, founded in the Hague, Netherlands, May 1999 www.genocidewatch.org

International Commission of Jurists Est. 1952, Geneva, Switzerland. www.icj.org

International Crisis Group (ICG, Brussels, Wash., DC) Founded in 1996 as the International Crisis Action Group www.intl-crisis-group.org

International Indian Treaty Council (IITC. est. 1974, San Francisco, CA) is an organization of Indigenous Peoples from North, Central, South America and the Pacific working for the Sovereignty and Self-Determination of Indigenous Peoples and the recognition and protection of Indigenous Rights, Traditional Cultures and Sacred Lands. Founded in 1974 at a gathering by the American Indian Movement in Standing Rock, South Dakota attended by more than 5000 representatives of 98 Indigenous Nations. The IITC supports grassroots Indigenous struggles through information dissemination, networking, coalition building, technical assistance, organizing and facilitating the effective participation of traditional Peoples in local, regional, national and international forums, events and gatherings. In 1977, the IITC became the first organization of Indigenous Peoples to be reorganized as a Non-Governmental Organization (NGO) with Consultative Status to the United Nations Economic and Social Council. www.treatycouncil.org

Minority Rights Group International (est 1960s, London, MRG) working to secure the rights of ethnic, religious and linguistic minorities and indigenous peoples www.minorityrights.org

Nonviolent Peaceforce (Est. 2002) "The Nonviolent Peaceforce responds to requests for help anywhere in the world, using proven methods of nonviolence to assist human rights workers and to prevent violence, death, chaos, and destruction." Nearly one hundred organizations from six continents and over 40 countries have joined the Nonviolent Peaceforce which was officially launched when delegates, advisors and observers from around the world met in Surajkund, just south of Delhi, India, on 29 November to 3 December 2002. Sri Lanka was chosen as the pilot project site for the first Nonviolent Peaceforce mission beginning in late 2003. The website says In the 20th century, the international community was unable respond in a timely or effective manner to crises that led to devastating armed conflicts, brutal violence, and genocide—Kosovo and Rwanda being two examples. . [An estimated] "1,000 people trained in nonviolence could have prevented the violence and genocide that devastated Yugoslavia in 1998. [Kosovo] . . . The Peaceforce represents an alternative to massive military intervention that many people hope for. It is a key component in the development of a strategic, cohesive, nonviolent response to brutality and threats of genocidal violence."www.nonviolentpeaceforce.org

Survival International – Survival International was founded 1969 as the Primitive People's Fund, assuming its current name in 1972. (est. 1969, London)

World Cambodian Congress WCC was set up at our first convention in Suffern, upstate New York, district of Congressman Benjamin Gilman, Chairman of the House International Relations Committee on November 26, 1994. There were more than 75 participants from 9 states in the US, Canada and even Cambodia www.wccpd.org

Aboriginal Genocide Litigation Resources www.aboriginalgenocide.com.au

Action in Solidarity with Asia and the PacificASAP ( grew out of ASIET - Action in Solidarity with Indonesia and East Timor) is a network of activists around Australia who are building solidarity with and support for movements for social justice, genuine democratisation and self-determination around the Asia Pacific region.www.asia-pacific-action.org

Australian Legal Resources International EST 1993, ALRI is an Australian NGO dedicated to the promotion of democracy, human rights and justice in the world's developing countries and those seeking to build democracies. www.alri.org.au

Australians for Native Title and Reconciliation (ANTaR) an independent, national network of mainly non-Indigenous organisations and individuals working in support of justice for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples in Australia. www.antar.org

Reconciliation Australia Est. Jan. 2001, is the foundation providing a continuing national focus for reconciliation. The foundation promotes National Reconciliation Week (NRW) May 27 to June 3, initiated in 1996 to provide a special focus for nationwide reconciliation activities. The week coincides with two significant dates in Australia's history: . May 27 marks the anniversary of the 1967 Referendum in which more than 90 per cent of Australians voted to remove clauses from the Australian Constitution which discriminated against Indigenous Australians and June 3 marks the anniversary of the High Court of Australia's judgement in 1992 in the Mabo case which recognised the Native Title rights of the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples, the original inhabitants of the continent, and overturned the myth of terra nullius - that the continent was empty, unowned land before the arrival of Europeans in 1788. www.reconciliation.org.au

Prévention Génocides (est. 1999, Belgium) www.prevention-genocides.org

Bosfam (Bosanska familija - Bosnian Family) is a Bosnian non-governmental organization that was started in 1994 by a group of women displaced from Eastern Bosnia. Directed by Munira Beba Hadzic, Bosfam assists displaced women and returnees to generate income through carpet weaving and knitting, and through the ongoing provision of informal psycho-social help. Recently, Bosfam has begun to lay the groundwork for return to Srebrenica. Working under the conviction that women of all ethnicities were traumatized by the war, Bosfam works for reconciliation by helping all disadvantaged women of Srebrenica. www.bosfam.ba

Udruzenje Gradjana "Zene Srebrenice" Tuzla, Bosnia- Citizens Association of 'Women of Srebrenica www.srebrenica.org

Justiça Global (Rio de Janeiro / Săo Paulo) Est. 1999, promotes social justice and human rights in Brazil through rigorous documentation and distribution of reports on rights abuse, as well as through the use of international mechanisms for the protection of human rights. Conducts intensive courses, on-site training and joint actions at the international level with local, Brazilian NGOs. www.global.org.br

Remembering Rwanda Rwanda 10th Anniversary Memorial Project (est. 2001, Toronto, Canada) www.visiontv.ca/RememberRwanda

Association Internationale de Recherches sur les Crimes contre l'Humanité et les Génocides  (www.aircrige.org)

Diplomatie Judiciaire (Paris) Chroniques et reportages sur la Justice Pénale Internationale (Judicial Diplomacy - Chronicles and reports on International Criminal Justice) www.diplomatiejudiciaire.com

Committee for an Effective International Criminal Law (CoEICL - Komitee für ein effektives Völkerstrafrecht) Konstanz, Germany www.coeicl.de

Society for Threatened Peoples (GfbV)  Gesellschaft für bedrohte Völker - GfbV - Göttingen, Germany) - s, est. 1968-1970) www.gfbv.de

AMCHA National Israeli Center for Psychosocial Support of Survivors of the Holocaust and the Second Generation

No Peace Without Justice
Est. 1993 an effective system of international justice, with the support of the Transnational Radical Party www.npwj.org

South Africa:
Institute for Security Studies (ISS) is a non-profit regional research institute operating across sub-Saharan Africa organisation established in 1991 with offices in Pretoria and Cape Town and liaison offices in Maputo and Nairobi. in 1999 the ISS has established an Africa Early Warning Programme to promote and assist in the development of an early warning capacity at the OAU.

Hirondelle Foundation (est. 1995, Lausanne, Switzerland) Media for Peace and Human Dignity www.hirondelle.org

Foundation for Human Rights Initiative (FHRI) is an independent, non-governmental organisation established in December 1991 in response to the growing need for human rights awareness in Uganda.

United Kingdom:
Aegis Trust Genocide Prevention Initiative
(est. 1999, Nottingham) www.aegistrust.org An outgrowth of the Beth Shalom Holocaust Memorial and Education Centre (est. 1995). Building an Ł10m genocide prevention centre.

independent race and refugee news network UK (Published by the Institute of Race Relations) www.irr.org.uk

INDICT (est. 1996, London) Bringing Iraqi war criminals to justice www.indict.org.uk

Institute for War and Peace Reporting (est. 1991, London) strengthens local journalism in areas of conflict. By training reporters, facilitating dialogue and providing reliable information. www.iwpr.net

International Alert (Est. in 1985 as the Standing International Forum on Ethnic Conflict, Genocide & Human Rights) London www.international-alert.org

IWGIA International Work Group for Indigenous Affairs (est. 1968, Copenhagen, Denmark

MAGGEMM 2000 Mthwakazi Action Group on Genocide and Ethnic Cleansing in Matebeleland and Midlands 2000 (Ndebele rights in Zimbabwe) members.aol.com/maggemm

Never Again (EST 2002, London) an international student network founded by students from Canada, Rwanda, the UK and the US at the Institute for International Mediation and Conflict Resolution's 2001 Hague Symposium www.neveragaininternational.org see also Never Again and Never Again ‘Rwanda Project’

ccjo.renécassin  is an organization of Jewish people committed to the promotion of the human rights of all people, building on the Universal Declaration on Human Rights, one of whose authors was the first president of the Consultative Council of Jewish Organizations (CCJO www.ccjo.org), René Cassin. www.renecassin.org

United States:
Albert Einstein Institution (Boston, MA, USA). Est. 1983 for advancing nonviolent action in defense of democratic freedoms and "opposing oppression, dictatorship, and genocide." www.aeinstein.org

America's Black Holocaust Museum (est 1988 Milwaukee WI, USA) educates the general public of the injustices suffered by people of African Heritage in America. Founded by James Cameron (b. 1914), the sole survivor of a 1930 triple lynching in Marion, Indiana. www.blackholocaustmuseum.org

The Appeal of Conscience Foundation (est. 1965) is an interfaith coalition of business and religious leaders promoting religious freedom, human rights, peace, tolerance and ethnic conflict resolution throughout the world. Founder and President Rabbi Arthur Schneier (b. 1930) is a Holocaust survivor, Rabbi Schneier who survived the Nazi occupation of Budapest before ariving iin the United States in 1947. In the November 1992 "Berne Declaration: Appeal for Peace in Bosnia and Herzegovina" Rabbi Schneier and others asserted that "a crime committed in the name of religion is the greatest crime against religion." www.appealofconscience.org

Center for Justice & Accountability (CJA) Est. 1998, San Francisco, CA www.cja.org

Coalition for International Justice (CIJ - Wash., D.C, USA and The Hague, NL) www.cij.org

Committee on Conscience of the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum. The Committee holds frequent events in Washington, D.C. which are later available on the website. The Committee mainstains as standing agenda of contemporary situtations, based on a three "graduated categories of urgency." "Watch" status indicates "a serious potential for the eruption of mass violence"; "Warning" status indicates that "organized violence is underway that threatens to become genocide or related crimes against humanity"; "Emergency" status indicates "acts of genocide or related crimes against humanity are occurring or immediately threatened." Alerts have been issued for Darfur, Sudan (1st level: "emergency"status , July 26, 2004); Southern Sudan (2nd level: "'warning" status, Nov. 2000 ) and Chechnya (1st level: "watch" status, Oct. 2001). www.committeeonconscience.org OR ushmm.org/conscience/

Cultural Survival (est. 1972, Cambridge, MA, USA) Promoting the rights, voices and visions of indigenous peoples" www.cs.org

East Timor Action Network/United States  Est. 1991 after the November 12, 1991 Santa Cruz massacre (271 Killed; 278 Wounded; 103 Hospitalized; 270 "Disappeared") to support genuine self-determination and human rights for the people of East Timor in accordance with the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, the 1960 United Nations General Assembly Resolution on Decolonization, and Security Council and General Assembly resolutions on East Timor. Our primary focus has been to change US foreign policy and raise public awareness to support justice and self-determination and now genuine independence for East Timor and human rights in Indonesia. In February 2001, ETAN revised its mission statement to reflect Timor Leste's independence. Timor Leste (East Timor ), a former Portuguese Colony, was invaded by Indonesia on December 7, 1975. Over the next 24 years, Indonesian military forces killed one-third of the population and devastated the country. ETAN's Washington office closely monitors congressional, State Department and administration activity relating to East Timor. The media/outreach office is in Brooklyn, and our national office is in White Plains www.etan.org

Facing History and Ourselves National Foundation, Inc. (est. 1976, Brookline, MA, USA) "By studying the historical development of the Holocaust and other examples of collective violence, students make the essential connection between history and the moral choices they confront in their own lives." ) www.facing.org

Friends of Bosnia (Est. 1995, Boston, MA, USA) Friends of Bosnia provides reconstruction and humanitarian aid to the Balkans and educates the American public about the wars, reconstruction, reconciliation, and peace. www.friendsofbosnia.org

Friends of Rwanda, Inc. ( Est. 1996 in Chattanooga, Tennessee) is a 501c3 non profit organization raisesing money to help orphaned children in Rwanda with academic assistance. On April 26, 2002 the organization held a benefit 'All African Cultural Extravaganza' in Atlanta, Georgia. Since its inception, Friends of Rwanda has been able to assist 7 children with scholarships amounting up to $7,110.00 .www.friendsofrwanda.org

Global Action to Prevent War A coalition-building effort to stop war, genocide, and internal armed conflict through long term planning for prevention. The plan has gone through 14 revisions. Founded by Ambassador (Ret.) Jonathan Dean, Dr. Randall Caroline Forsberg, and Dr. Saul Mendlovitz. www.globalactionpw.org

Global Alliance to Preserve the History of WWII in Asia (Est. 1994, Cupertino, California) An alliance of nine member organizations with the "mission is to preserve the historical truth of the Asia-Pacific War (1931-1945). . . only from truth in history, can we secure justice for victims, safeguard humanity from repeating mistakes of the past, and bring about genuine reconciliation and lasting peace among all people." The Los Angelas chapter has a website also (www.alpha-la.org) . Past president Ivy Lee (also professor of Sociology at CSU Sacramento) serves on the California Taskforce on Holocaust, Genocide, Human Rights   www.gainfo.org

Global Youth Connect Mountain View, CA, est. 1997 in Sweden at a conference hosted by Friends of Raoul Wallenberg. A youth network concerned with human rights and genocide prevention. www.globalyouthconnect.org

Human Rights First    Est. 1978, with offices in New York, Washington, D.C and Oakland, CA. Was known as Lawyers Committee for Human Rights until Dec. 2003. www.humanrightsfirst.org

Human Rights Watch (est. 1978, New York) www.hrw.org See especially HRW's 1993 report GENOCIDE IN IRAQ The Anfal Campaign Against the Kurds and the joint HRW/FIDH 1999 report "Leave None to Tell the Story: Genocide in Rwanda

International Center for Transitional Justice (ICTJ - New York) assists countries pursuing accountability for mass atrocity or human rights abuse www.ictj.org

International Executive Service Corps (IESC, est. 1964) volunteer business experts working in developing regions, including Armenia and Rwanda. In 2001 IESC joined with Geekcorps, the "Peace Corps for Geeks" - "technology volunteers enabling communities worldwide", which has a partnered with the Kigali, Rwanda firm Alphasoft, to run a database of cases being brought before Gacaca Trials.

International Criminal Justice Institute (Washington,DC)works international and domestic justice, covering issues of accountability in relation to gender-specific human rights violations www.icji.org

International Network of Holocaust and Genocide Survivors and Their Friends (Established in November 2001 in Kigali, Rwanda at the International conference of genocide survivors - An international conference of genocide and holocaust survivors organized with the theme "Rebuilding the lives of Genocide survivors"

Memory to Action Project (Santa Barbara, CA). Est. in 1997 as the Holocaust Home Commemoration Project, Inc., now working "towards a future free of genocide." www.memorytoaction.org

Public International Law & Policy Group (PILPG, est. 1996) provides pro bono international legal services for those in need of specialized public international legal counsel. www.publicinternationallaw.org

Plowshares Institute (est. 1970s, Simsbury, CT) research and education, service to developing communities, and innovative training in conflict transformation and peacebuilding. www.plowsharesinstitute.com

Project South: Institute for the Elimination of Poverty & Genocide (Atlanta, GA) www.projectsouth.org

Rights Works Internatinal (Est. 1999) Creates publicly accessible human rights educational materials. Emphasizes the recurrent nature of prejudice and twentieth century genocide. www.rightsworks.org

Southern Poverty Law Center Montgomery, Alabama Est. 1971 ( www.splcenter.org ) as a small civil rights law firm it now also conducts tolerance education programs, tracks of US-based hate groups and sponsors of the Civil Rights Memorial. SPLC Intelligence Project's Hatewatch e-newsletter publishes a regular roundup of hate in the news. www.splcenter.org/intel/hatewatch In 1991 SPLC launched Teaching Tolerance to support K-12 teachers and other educators to promote respect for differences and an appreciation of diversity. www.teaching tolerance.org

Survivors' Rights International (est. 2001, Anapolis, MD, USA)

Ukrainian Congress Committee of America (UCCA, est. 1940) A past advocate from 1949 to 1988 for US Senate ratification of the Genocide Convention, UCCA is now campaigning to build a Monument in Wash DC to the Victims of the 1932-1933 Holodomor Famine Genocide AND to revoke the 1933 Pulitzer Prize awarded to New York Times reporter Walter Duranty (1884-1957) for his reports of the famine in the Ukraine, since proven to be deceptive and false. www.ucca.org

Victims of Communism Memorial Foundation Established by Congressional Res. H.R. 3000 (Oct. 21, 1998) & Presidential Approval, Public Law 103-199 (Dec 17, 1993). This law authorized The National Captive Nations Committee, Inc. to construct, maintain, and operate in Wash., D.C. an appropriate international memorial to honor victims of communism, tragically numbering more than 100 million, struck down in an unprecedented imperial communist holocaust through conquests, revolutions, civil wars, purges, wars by proxy, and other violent means. www.victimsofcommunism.org

Women for Women International (Wash.D.C., USA) Projects include work with genocide survivors in Bosnia and Rwanda www.womenforwomen.org

Educational Websites:

Coalition for the Defense of Human Rights (CDHR) Est. in 1993 as a cooperative effort of ethnic and religious organizations that pledged to share resources, information, and to work together for the promotion of human rights in countries where Islamic extremism is dominant. The Coalition for the Defense of Human Rights represents minority religious and ethnic communities under attack by an ideological movement that is intolerant, discriminatory, racist and even genocidal: a Radical Islamist-Jihad culture. The Coalition for the Defense of Human Rights is an umbrella coalition representing various organizations from the following communities: Catholic, Protestant and Orthodox Christians, Jews, Hindus, Buddhists, Bahais, Humanist Muslims, Copts, Assyrians, Syriacs, Southern Sudanese, Maronites, Philippinos, West Africans, Ibos, Slavic Christians, Armenians, Arab Christians, Nubians, secular intellectuals, and women's groups. www.dhimmi.com

Crimes Of War Project (est. 1999, Crimes Of War Education Project, Wash., D.C., USA) Based on the book Crimes of War: What the Public Should Know eds. Roy Gutman and David Rieff (New York/London: Norton, 1999) - which describes rules of war and gives definitions and case studies of crimes of war, crimes against humanity and genocide.  This site puts the book online and examines contemporary conflict situations and trials, showing the range of legal opinions. ) www.crimesofwar.org

Crosspoint Anti Racism Crosspoint links currently over 2000 organizations in 114 countries. Magenta Foundation, founded in 1992 after the violent racist attacks on migrants in Germany combats racism, fascism and other forms of discrimination, since 1997 mainly on and through the Internet www.magenta.nl/crosspoint/

Derechos (California) together with our sister organization Equipo Nizkor (Madrid) works for the respect and promotion of human rights throughout the world. Our work includes the socialization of human rights related information and analysis through the internet and otehr media, the promotion of prosecutions of human rights violators and the support of local human rights NGOs and activists. www.derechos.org

Diplomatie Judiciaire (judicial diplomacy) Chronicles and reports on International Criminal Justice in French and English www.diplomatiejudiciaire.com

EISIL (Electronic Information System for International Law) an informational website sponsored by the American Society of International Law (ASIL). Included a section on International Criminal Law. www.eisil.org/

Famine-Genocide Commemorative Committee Ukrainian Canadian Congress www.faminegenocide.

Forced Migration Online (FMO) provides instant access to a wide variety of online resources dealing with the situation of forced migrants worldwide. FMO is coordinated by a small team based at the Refugee Studies Centre in Oxford. The team is advised by a panel of core partners which currently include the American University in Cairo; Czech Helsinki Committee; Higher Education Digitisation Service; Information Centre about Asylum and Refugees in the UK; and Tufts University. www.forcedmigration.org

Freedom, Democide, War Home Page (R..J. Rummel - Univ of Hawaii, USA) Includes data on all 20th century democides; over 900 documents; annotated photographs and visualizations of democide. www.hawaii.edu/powerkills/

Gendercide Watch (est. 2000) confronting acts of gender-selective mass killing www.gendercide.org

Genocide 1971 A volunteer, humanitarian effort to remember the genocide in East Pakistan (Bangladesh) in 1971, maintained by Dr. Mohammad Omar Farooq, associate professor of economics and finance at Upper Iowa University, USA, who writes: "I am equally concerned about ALL genocides, hoping to add to the collective cause to help prevent such crimes against humanity in the future." www.globalwebpost.com/genocide1971

Genocide: Resources for Teaching and Research (University of Memphis & Penn State University, USA) www.people.memphis.edu/~genocide/ Last updated Jan. 29, 2002.

Holocaust/Genocide Project (HGP) of the International Education and Resource Network (IEARN) www.iearn.org/hgp

Kofi Setordji's Genocide Monument a virtual exhibition on the Rwanda genocide by Ghanaian artist Kofi Setordji on the website of the Netherland's Visual Museum of Contemporary African Art www.vmcaa.nl/genocide

Peace Pledge Union (est. 1934, London) Study guide on genocide for student, teachers and parents, includes material on past genocides in NAMIBIA, ARMENIA, UKRAINE, the HOLOCAUST, CAMBODIA, GUATEMALA, RWANDA and BOSNIA www.ppu.org.uk/genocide/

Universal Jurisdiction Information Network (Est. Oct. 2001, a project of REDRESS and the Center for Justice & Accountability (CJA) resource websit on universal jurisdiction (UJ). UJ is one of several forms of "extraterritorial jurisdiction" that can be exercised by domestic courts (i.e. courts of a particular country). . . Under the universality principle, certain crimes, considered so heinous that they are of universal concern, can be addressed by the courts of any country in the world. www.u-j.info

www.theforgotten.org (est. 2002) Armenian Genocide education website with high bandwidth graphic, photos and film interviews with survivors and others

War Crimes, Crimes Against Humanity Treaty Links, University of Minnesota Database of conventions and other documents relating to war crimes, crimes against humanity, genocide and terrorism, including rules of procedure and evidence for various international courts and tribunals. www1.umn.edu/humanrts/instree/auox.htm

Web Genocide Documentation Centre Home Page (Resources on Genocide, War Crimes and Mass Killing by Dr. Stuart Stein of the University of the West of England) www.ess.uwe.ac.uk/genocide.htm

Some discontinued or inactive projects:

SAGE Students Against GEnocide--Project Bosnia. Formed in at Stanford Univ. and elsewhere in 1993, but inactive since 1997. Continues to have 501(c)(03) nonprofit status www.stanford.edu/group/SAGE

Genocide Remembrance and Prevention Network (est. 1999, inactive since 2000. Website down since 2003) www.gen-net.org

Campaign Against Genocide Education Fund, Wash, DC USA Established in 2001 as a 501(c)(03) nonprofit in an unsuccessful attempt to win a large grant from Swiss bank Holocaust asset funds. Never active except for fundraising purposes.

Campaign to End Genocide (CEG) (May 1999- Dec. 2003) A former initiative of the now renamed World Federalist Association (WFA, est. 1947, Wash., D.C., USA) which became Citizens for Global Solutions on Jan. 1, 2004. The renamed organization has ceased to promote the 'Campaign to End Genocide' but maintains the website. Since 2000 the WFA has collected contributions from US Federal Government employees for the project 'Campaign to End Genocide' as part of the 'Combined Federal Campaign' (CFC) annual autumn workplace giving program. CFC lists CEG as # 2298 "Working to end genocide by establishing international mechanisms to warn of impending crisis, respond rapidly with effective peacekeeping missions, and bring the perpetrators to justice." Citizens for Global Solutions continues to raise money during the CFC under the name Campaign to End Genocide The inactive website www.endgenocide.org is still active as of July 2004, though it contains many broken hyperlinks. www.endgenocide.org

Center for the Prevention of Genocide (CPG) [June 2001 to March 2004] A project of of the Improve the World International (ITW) est. 2001, Arl., VA, USA) Both ITW and the project CPG ceased activity on March 31, 2004. The CPG website remains active as an archive of the Center's past reports. www.genocideprevention.org

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