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Whitaker Report

United Nations Economic and Social Council Commission on Human Rights
Sub-Commission on Prevention of Discrimination and Protection of Minorities
Thirty-eighth session, Item 4 of the provisional agenda, E/CN.4/Sub.2/1985/6 2 July 1985

REVIEW OF FURTHER DEVELOPMENTS IN FIELDS WITH WHICH THE SUB-COMMISSION HAS BEEN CONCERNED

Revised and updated report on the question of the prevention and punishment of the crime of genocide
Prepared by Mr. B. Whitaker

CONTENTS
       
Paragraphs
Page
Webpage
[Title page]    
FOREWORD
INTRODUCTION
PART I: HISTORICAL SURVEY
  (A) The crime of genocide and the purpose of the study
  (B) The concept of genocide
PART II:      
25-68
11
  (A) The Convention of 9 December 1948
25-28
11
  (B) Analysis of the Convention
16
    1. The extent of destruction of a group
16
    2. The groups protected
16
    3. Cultural genocide, ethnocide and ecocide
17
    4. Political groups
18
    5. Intent
19
    6. Acts punishable
20
    7. Apartheid
43-46
20
    8. Propaganda in favour of genocide
47-49
23
    9. Culpability and superior orders
50-54
23
    10. Enforcement
55-59
27
    11. The quest of the time limitation
60-61
29
    12. Extradition
62-64
33
    13. Calls upon the United Nations to take action
65-68
35
PART III: FUTURE PROGRESS: POSSIBLE WAYS FORWARD
  (A) Ratification
  (B) Future options
  (C) Proposals
78-90
41
9
    1. Prevention
78-82
41
9
    2. Early Warning
    3. An international body to deal with genocide
    4. An International Human Rights Tribunal or Court
  (D) Conclusion
PART IV: LIST OF CONCLUSIONS
APPENDIX      

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