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Last revised
16 Aug. 2005

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Information on the Genocide Convention

December 9, 2004 was the 56th anniversary of the approval of the Genocide Convention by the United Nations General Assembly. The Universal Declaration of Human Rights was approved the following day. Below are links for additional information on the Genocide Convention.

Treaty Text: Overview of the 19 Articles
Translations:
Authentic texts and Translations in 40 Languages
Legal definition: A detailed discussion of the crime. See also the Elements of the crime of genocide
The First 50 Years, 1948-1998
A Report by William Schabas

Ratification Status: 137 Nations are State parties; Over 50 Nations are NOT, including Indonesia, Japan, Nigeria.
Reservations: Reservations to the Genocide Convention
Two Drafts:
Drafts of the Treaty from April 1947 and May 1948, including passages later omitted

Genocide Convention: Overview of the Treaty Text

Preamble
Art. 1: Crime under International Law
Art. 2: Genocide defined
Art. 3: Punishable acts
Art. 4: Responsible individuals
Art. 5: National legislation
Art. 6: Tribunals

Art. 7
: Extradition

Art. 8: Prevention and Suppression
Art. 9
: Disputes submitted to the Int'l Court of Justice
Articles 10-19: Languages; 11. Ratification, 12. Territories, 13.
Entry into force, 14. Time period in effect, 15. Denunciations 16. Revision, 17. Notification, 18. Deposit , 19. Registration
The Genocide Convention in 40 languages
Official Texts: Article 10 : "The present Convention, of which the Chinese, English, French, Russian and Spanish texts are equally authentic, shall bear the date of 9 December 1948."
Chinese*
English
French
Russian
Spanish
Other Translations NEW: SwahiliArmenian
Albanian*ArabicBosnian Bulgarian
CzechCroatianDanishDutch
Esperanto*Estonian*FinnishGeorgian*
GermanGreekHebrew*Hungarian
Indonesian*ItalianJapanese*Khmer
Kinyarwanda*KoreanLatvian*

Lithuanian*

NorwegianPolishPortugueseRomanian
Serbian (Latin)Shona*SwahiliSwahili SvenskaSwedish
SvenskaTurkish*UkrainianVietnamese  

* These texts contain only Article 2 of the Genocide Convention in which the crime of genocide is defined. If you know of another translation of the Genocide Convention (including texts with article 2 only) in a language not on this page - please send us a message. We are especially wanting to include translations of Article II in Acoli, Akan, Amharic, Ateso, Baoulé, Bengali, Burmese (Myanamar), Dinka, Dioula, Farsi, Fur, Guarani, Gujarati, Hausa, Herero, Hindi, Igbo, Irish Gaelic, Javanese, Karen, Kashmiri, Kazakh, Kirundi, Kumam, Lango, Lingala, Macedonian, Masalit, Maya-Quiché, Ndebele, Nuer, Quechua, Senoufo, Sinhala, Slovak, Slovenian, Thai, Urdu, Wolof, Yoruba and Zaghawa.

Ratification Status: 137 nations are State Parties. Over 50 nations are not

Bolivia is the newest State Party to the Genocide Convention ; Comoros and Sudan are also recent Parties.
ComorosOn September 27, 2004 Minister of Foreign Affairs H.E. Mr. Souef Mohamed El Amine of the Republic of the Union of Comoros deposited instruments of accession to the Genocide Convention with the United Nations.
SudanLast year on October 13, 2003 Sudan deposited instruments of accession to the Genocide Convention with the United Nations. The Convention entered into force for Sudan on 11 January 2004 in accordance with its article XIII. Reference: C.N.1204.2003.TREATIES-1 (Depositary Notification) [MSWord '.doc' file] List of parties to the Genocide Convention (UN status report (alternate
) List of 50 nations NOT party to the Convention.

 
Comoros Minister of Foreign Affairs at the United Nations
Foreign Minister Souef Mohamed El Amine of Comoros at the United Nations.
Drafting the Genocide Convention (1947-1948)

The final text of the Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide was adopted on December 9, 1948 by the 3rd U.N. General Assembly, meeting in Paris. Two earlier drafts (the Secretariat Draft and the Ad Hoc Committee Draft) were written in May 1947 and April 1948. These drafts incorporated many important and also controversial features which were not included in the final text. Among these features were: inclusion of political and linguistic groups in the list of protected groups, definitions of cultural genocide, provisions for suppression of preparations for genocide, provisions on universal jurisdiction and for an international criminal tribunal.

The Genocide Convention: the first 50 years

Read the evaluation and recommendations of William Schabas in the report The Genocide Convention at Fifty (1948-1998) in the online library of the US Institute of Peace. Also: Frontpiece, Table of Contents and Chapter 1 of William Schabas's Genocide in International Law, (Cambridge Univ. Press, 2000) [23 page PDF file]

Reservations to the Genocide Convention

Declarations and Reservations to the Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide

Reservations to the Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide (1950-1951) International Court of Justice - Advisory Opinion of 28 May 1951 (offsite link)

Prevent Genocide International
info@preventgenocide.org