Burundi 1972: Selective Genocide of Hutus

Resources on this website  |Books and Articles | Reports | Survivor testimonies
Film and Video | Websites   
(Last revised March 28, 2005)


Other resources pages: Past Genocides 1901-1950: Hereros 1904 | Armenian 1915  | Holodomor 1933 | Shoah 1941 | Parajmos 1941
Past Genocides 1951-2000: East Bengal 1971 | Burundi 1972  | Cambodia 1975 | Guatemala 1982  | Iraqi Kurds 1988 | Bosnia 1992 | Rwanda 1994

Resources on this website

Books and Articles

Michael Bowen, Passing by;: The United States and genocide in Burundi, 1972, (Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, 1973), 49 pp.

RenÚ Lemarchand, Selective genocide in Burundi (Report - Minority Rights Group ; no. 20, 1974), 36 pp.

Rene Lemarchand, Burundi: Ethnic Conflict and Genocide (New York: Woodrow Wilson Center and Cambridge University Press, 1996), 232 pp.

Edward L. Nyankanzi, Genocide: Rwanda and Burundi (Schenkman Books, 1998), 198 pp.

Christian P. Scherrer, Genocide and crisis in Central Africa : conflict roots, mass violence, and regional war; foreword by Robert Melson. Westport, Conn. : Praeger, 2002.

Scherrer examines the ethnicized conflicts, periodic war, and genocide in Rwanda and Burundi. The 1994 genocide in Rwanda may have resulted in the murder of a million Tutsi and moderate Hutu, while the mass killings in Burundi, especially in 1993 when some 200,000 Hutu and Tutsi were killed, and the current ongoing war in the Congo appear to have the potential to escalate into another round of genocide in the region. Scherrer explores the background to the conflicts in the Great Lakes Region as well as what the international community might do to break this tragic cycle of violence and despair. Following a chapter on the history of the region before independence in 1960/61, he examines the 1994 genocide in Rwanda and the subsequent attempts to promote justice, reconstruction, human rights work, and genocide prevention. Scherrer pays particular attention to the role of the Western powers, the UN, and the aid system--and he is critical of all of these institutions. He also analyzes what is happening in neighboring Burundi and the Congo. An important research for scholars and policymakers involved with Central African affairs and ethnicized conflict.


"Preventing Genocide in Burundi Lessons from International Diplomacy" by Stephen R. Weissman United States Institute of Peace



Survivor and Eyewitness testimonies

See four testimonies in Chapter 11 of Samuel Totten et al., eds., Century of Genocide: Eyewitness Accounts and Critical Views (Garland Reference Library, 1997).


Search for Common Ground In the aftermath of the Rwandan genocide in 1994 and in response to ongoing instability in the Great Lakes Region, Search for Common Ground opened its first office in Africa in 1995 in Bujumbura, Burundi. Projects in Burundi 1. The Great Lakes Policy Forum 2. European Forum on Great Lakes [Forum European sur les Grands Lacs] 3. Ziggy Marley Public Service Announcements for Studio Ijambo 4. Studio Ijambo | 5. Women's Peace Center 6. The Youth Project | 7. Integration Initiative 8. The Integrated Victims of Torture Project 9. Heroes Summit 2004 [English] [En Franšais] 10. The Spirit of Sangwe: Burundi's Largest-Ever Peace Festival 11. Group of Batwa Regularizes their Marriages 12. Public Pardon and Reconciliation Day: Nyamurenza Commune, Ngozi Province

Friends Peace Teams Project Friends Peace Teams (FPT) was founded in 1993 to promote spirit led peace team work among members of the Religious Society of Friends (Quakers). In January, 1999, the Friends Peace Teams Project's African Great Lakes Initiative (AGLI) sent an international, interreligious delegation of seven members to visit Quakers and others in Kenya, Uganda, Rwanda, and Burundi. As a long-range project, AGLI is working with Burundi Yearly Meeting to set up a Trauma Healing and Reconciliation Center in Burundi.

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